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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 10 — May. 11, 2009
  • pp: 8029–8035

Glass-clad single-crystal germanium optical fiber

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Yazgan-Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, N. K. Hon, B. Jalali, and R. Rice  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 10, pp. 8029-8035 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.008029


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Abstract

Long lengths (250 meters) of a flexible 150 μm diameter glass-clad optical fiber containing a 15 μm diameter crystalline and phase-pure germanium core was fabricated using conventional optical fiber draw techniques. X-ray diffraction and spontaneous Raman scattering measurements showed the core to be very highly crystalline germanium with no observed secondary phases. Elemental analysis confirmed a very well-defined core-clad interface with a step-profile in composition and nominally 4 weight-percent oxygen having diffused into the germanium core from the glass cladding. For this proof-of-concept fiber, polycrystalline n-type germanium of unknown dopant concentration was used. The measured infrared transparency of the starting material was poor and, as a likely outcome, the attenuation of the resultant fiber was too high to be measured. However, the larger Raman cross-section, infrared and terahertz transparency of germanium over silicon should make these fibers of significant value for fiber-based mid- to long-wave infrared and terahertz waveguides and Raman-shifted infrared light sources once high-purity, high-resistivity germanium is employed.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2290) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber materials
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(160.2290) Materials : Fiber materials
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.6000) Materials : Semiconductor materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: March 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 27, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 28, 2009
Published: April 29, 2009

Citation
J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Yazgan-Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, N. K. Hon, B. Jalali, and R. Rice, "Glass-clad single-crystal germanium optical fiber," Opt. Express 17, 8029-8035 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-8029


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