OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 10 — May. 11, 2009
  • pp: 8193–8200

Experimental energy-density flux characterization of ultrashort laser pulse filaments

Daniele Faccio, Antonio Lotti, Aidas Matijosius, Francesca Bragheri, Vittorio Degiorgio, Arnaud Couairon, and Paolo Di Trapani  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 10, pp. 8193-8200 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3470 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Visualization of the energy density flux gives a unique insight into the propagation properties of complex ultrashort pulses. This analysis, formerly relegated to numerical investigations, is here shown to be an invaluable experimental diagnostic tool. By retrieving the spatio-temporal amplitude and phase we experimentally obtain the energy density flux within complex ultrashort pulses generated by filamentation in a nonlinear Kerr medium.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.5890) Nonlinear optics : Scattering, stimulated
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: March 3, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 16, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 16, 2009
Published: April 30, 2009

Daniele Faccio, Antonio Lotti, Aidas Matijosius, Francesca Bragheri, Vittorio Degiorgio, Arnaud Couairon, and Paolo Di Trapani, "Experimental energy-density flux characterization of ultrashort laser pulse filaments.," Opt. Express 17, 8193-8200 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. Roichman, B. Sun, Y. Roichman, J. Amato-Grill, and D. G. Grier, "Optical forces arising from phase gradients," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013602 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. C. Peacock and N. G. R. Broderick, "Guided modes in channel waveguides with a negative index of refraction," Opt. Express 11, 2502-2510 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. I. Sztul and R. R. Alfano, "The Poynting vector and angular momentum of Airy beams," Opt. Express 16, 9411-9416 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Recami, "On localized X-shaped superluminal solutions to Maxwell equations," Physica A 252, 586-610 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, "Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams," Phys. Rev. A 77, 043814 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, D. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, "Ultrashort laser pulse filamentation from spontaneous X Wave formation in air," Opt. Express 16, 1565-1570 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Faccio, M. Clerici, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Dubietis, G. Tamosauskas, A. Couairon, F. Bragheri, D. Papazoglou, S. Tzortzakis, and P. Di Trapani, "Few-cycle laser pulse collapse in Kerr media: the role of group velocity dispersion and X wave formation," Phys. Rev. A. 78, 033826 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. K. E. Oughstun, "Asymptotic description of pulsed ultrawideband electromagnetic beam field propagation in dispersive, attenuative media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1704-1713 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, "Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 31, 1914-1916 (2006) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Gabolde and R. Trebino, "Self-referenced measurement of the complete electric field of ultrashort pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4423-4429 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Bowlan, U. Fuchs, R. Trebino, and U. D. Zeitner, "Measuring the spatiotemporal electric field of tightly focused ultrashort pulses with sub-micron spatial resolution," Opt. Express 16, 13663-13675 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, "Direct space time-characterization of the electric fields of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 27, 548-550 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Bragheri, D. Faccio, F. Bonaretti, A. Lotti, M. Clerici, O. Jedrkiewicz, C. Liberale, S. Henin, L. Tartara, V. Degiorgio, and P. Di Trapani, "Complete retrieval of the field of ultrashort optical pulses using the anglefrequency spectrum," Opt. Lett. 33, 2952-2954 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavičius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, "Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves," Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. C. Potenza, S. Minardi, J. Trull, G. Blasi, D. Salerno, A. Varanavičius, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Three dimensional imaging of short-pulses," Opt. Commun. 229, 381-390 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission and filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 862-869 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. J. R. Fienup, "Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison," Appl. Opt. 21, 2758-2769 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, New York, 2002).
  21. A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5405 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. Di Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, C. Conti, and S. Trillo, "Spontaneously generated X-shaped light bullets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 93904 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. Di Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull,"Nonlinear electromagnetic X Waves, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Couairon, E. Gaizauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73, 016608 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Dynamic Nonlinear X waves for Femtosecond Pulse Propagation in Water," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 2539011 (2004). [CrossRef]
  26. D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Conical Emission, Pulse Splitting, and X wave Parametric Amplification in Nonlinear Dynamics of Ultrashort Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 1939011 (2006). [CrossRef]
  27. D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Dubietis, G. Tamosauskas, P. Polesana, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Spatio-temporal reshaping and X wave dynamics in optical filaments," Opt. Express 15, 13079-13095 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, F. Courvoisier, D. Kiselev, Y. Mugnier, R. Le Dantec, Christine Galez, and J. P. Wolf, "Nano-FROG: Frequency Resolved Optical Gating by a nanometric object" Opt. Express 16, 10405-10411 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, A. Shreenath, K. McGresham, R. Trebino, and S. Akturk, "Crossed-beam spectral interferometry: a simple, high-spectral-resolution method for completely characterizing complex ultrashort pulses in real time," Opt. Express 14, 11892-11900 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. S. Mokhov and R. El-Ganainy, and D. N. Christodoulides, "Power circulation via negative energy-flux wormholes in optical nanowaveguides" Opt. Express 14, 3255-3262 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. H. S. Green and E. Wolf, "A scalar representation of electromagnetic fields," Proc. Phys. Soc. LXVI 66, 1129-1137 (1953). [CrossRef]
  32. E. Wolf, "A scalar representation of electromagnetic fields: II," Proc. Phys. Soc. 74, 269-280 (1959). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited