OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 10 — May. 11, 2009
  • pp: 8491–8505

Influence of the incident angle in the performance of Liquid Crystal on Silicon displays

A. Lizana, N. Martin, M. Estapé, E. Fernández, I. Moreno, A. Márquez, C. Iemmi, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 10, pp. 8491-8505 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (997 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper we experimentally analyze the performance of a twisted nematic liquid crystal on silicon (LCoS) display as a function of the angle of incidence of the incoming beam. These are reflective displays that can be configured to produce amplitude or phase modulation by properly aligning external polarization elements. But we demonstrate that the incident angle plays an important role in the selection of the polarization configuration. We performed a Mueller matrix polarimetric analysis of the display that demonstrates that the recently reported depolarization effect observed in this type of displays is also dependant on the incident angle.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: March 3, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 3, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 6, 2009
Published: May 5, 2009

A. Lizana, N. Martín, M. Estapé, E. Fernández, I. Moreno, A. Márquez, C. Iemmi, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, "Influence of the incident angle in the performance of Liquid Crystal on Silicon displays," Opt. Express 17, 8491-8505 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. J. Turunen and F. Wyrowski eds., Diffractive Optics for Industrial and Commercial Applications, (Akademie Verlag, Berlin, 1997).
  2. H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis and B. T. Sincerbox, eds., Holographic Data Storage, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
  3. W. Osten, C. Kohler, and J. Liesener, "Evaluation and application of spatial light modulators for optical metrology," Opt. Pura Apl. 38, 71-81 (2005).
  4. R. Dou and M. K. Giles, "Closed-loop adaptative optics system with a liquid crystal television as a phase retarder," Opt. Lett. 20, 1583-1585 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Campos, A. Márquez, J. Nicolas, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, J. C. Escalera, J. A. Davis and J. M. Yzuel, "Optimization of liquid crystals displays behaviour in optical image processing and in diffractive optics", in Optoelectronic information processing: Optics for information systems, (SPIE Press, Critical Reviews) Vol. CR81, 335-364 (2001).
  6. J. A. Davis, I. Moreno and P. Tsai, "Polarization eigenstates for twisted-nematic liquid-crystal displays," Appl. Opt. 37, 937-945 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Márquez, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, A. Lizana, J. Campos and M. J. Yzuel, "Mueller-Stokes characterization and optimization of a liquid crystal on silicon display showing depolarization," Opt. Express 16, 1669-1685 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. E. Wolfe and R. A. Chipman, "Polarimetric characterization of liquid-crystal-on-silicon panels," Appl. Opt. 45, 1688-1703 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Lizana, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, A. Márquez, J. Campos and M. J. Yzuel, "Time-resolved Mueller matrix analysis of a liquid crystal on silicon display," Appl Opt. 47, 4267-4274 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Lizana, I. Moreno, A. Márquez, C. Iemmi, E. Fernández, J. Campos and M. J. Yzuel, " Time fluctuations of the phase modulation in a liquid crystal on silicon display: characterization and effects in diffractive optics," Opt. Express 16, 16711-16722 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. Moreno, A. Lizana, J. Campos, A. Márquez, C. Iemmi, and M. J. Yzuel, "Combined Mueller and Jones matrix method for the evaluation of the complex modulation in a liquid-crystal-on-silicon display," Opt. Lett. 33, 627-629 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Lizana, A. Márquez, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, "Wavelength dependence of polarimetric and phase-shift characterization of a liquid crystal on silicon display," J. Eur. Opt. Soc. - Rapid Pub. 3, 08011 1-6 (2008).
  13. E. Martín-Badosa, M. Montes-Usategui, A. Carnicer, J. Andilla, E. Pleguezuelos, and I. Juvells, "Design strategies for optimizing holographic optical tweezers set-ups," J. Opt. A - Pure Appl. Op. 9, S267-S277 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Goldstein, Polarized Light, (Marcel Dekker, NY, 2003). [CrossRef]
  15. J. L. Pezzaniti, S. C. McClain, R. A. Chipman and S.-Y. Lu, "Depolarization in liquid-crystal televisions," Opt. Lett. 18, 2071-2073 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Y. Lu and R. A. Chipman, "Interpretation of Mueller matrices based on polar decomposition," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1106-1113 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. P. Lancaster and M Tismenetsky, The Theory of Matrices, 2nd Ed. (Academic, San Diego, 1985).
  18. A. Marquez, I. Moreno, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, "Analisis of Fabry-Perot interference effects on the modulation properties of liquid crystal displays," Opt. Commun. 265, 84-94 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. S. Y. Lu and R. A. Chipman, "Homogeneous and inhomogeneous Jones matrices," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 766-773 (1994). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Huard, Polarisation de la lumière, (Masson, Paris, 1993), pg. 109.
  21. S. Stallinga, "Equivalent retarder approach to reflective liquid crystal displays," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4756-4766 (1999). [CrossRef]
  22. J. Nicolas, J. Campos and M. J. Yzuel, "Phase and amplitude modulation of elliptic polarization states by nonabsorbing anisotropic elements: application to liquid-crystal devices," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1013-1020 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. C. Glasenapp, W. Mönch, H. Krause and H. Zappe, "Biochip reader with dynamic holographic excitation and hyperspectral fluorescence detection," J. Biomed. Opt. 2, 014038 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited