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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 11 — May. 25, 2009
  • pp: 8830–8842

Closure of the stop-band in photonic wire Bragg gratings

M. Gnan, W. C. L. Hopman, G. Bellanca, R. M. de Ridder, R. M. De La Rue, and P. Bassi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 11, pp. 8830-8842 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.008830


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Abstract

Photonic Wire Bragg Gratings, made by periodic insertion of lateral rectangular recesses into photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator, can provide large reflectivity with short device lengths because of their large index contrast. This type of design shows a counter-intuitive behaviour, as we demonstrate — using experimental and numerical data — that it can have low or null reflectance, even for large indentation values. We provide physical insight into this phenomenon by developing a model based on Bloch mode theory, and are able to find an analytical expression for the frequency at which the grating does not sustain the stop-band. Finally we demonstrate that the stop-band closing effect is a general phenomenon that may occur in various types of periodic device that can be modeled as transmission line structures.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(130.5296) Integrated optics : Photonic crystal waveguides

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: February 17, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 4, 2009
Published: May 12, 2009

Citation
M. Gnan, W. C. L. Hopman, G. Bellanca, R. M. de Ridder, R. M. De La Rue, and P. Bassi, "Closure of the stop-band in photonic wire Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 17, 8830-8842 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-11-8830


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References

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