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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 12 — Jun. 8, 2009
  • pp: 9491–9502

Predictable surface emission patterns in terahertz photonic-crystal quantum cascade lasers

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 12, pp. 9491-9502 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.009491


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Abstract

We demonstrate a framework to understand and predict the far-field emission in terahertz frequency photonic-crystal quantum cascade lasers. The devices, which employ a high-performance three-well active region, are lithographically tunable and emit in the 104-120 µm wavelength range. A peak output power of 7 mW in pulsed mode is obtained at 10 K, and the typical device maximum operating temperature is 136 K. We identify the photonic-crystal band-edge states involved in the lasing process as originating from the hexapole and monopole modes at the G point of the photonic band structure, as designed. The theoretical far-field patterns, obtained via finite-difference time-domain simulations, are in excellent agreement with experiment. Polarization measurements further support the theory, and the role of the bonding wires in the emission process is elucidated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 21, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 3, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 5, 2009
Published: May 22, 2009

Citation
Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineults, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, "Predictable surface emission patterns in terahertz photonic-crystal quantum cascade lasers," Opt. Express 17, 9491-9502 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-12-9491


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