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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 13 — Jun. 22, 2009
  • pp: 10623–10632

Tunable structures comprising two photonic crystal slabs – optical study in view of multi-analyte enhanced detection

Lina Shi, Pierre Pottier, Maksim Skorobogatiy, and Yves-Alain Peter  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 13, pp. 10623-10632 (2009)

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Using finite-difference time-domain method, we characterize the normal-incidence transmission properties of a two slab photonic crystal device in a view of its applications in fluorescence enhancement and multi-analyte detection. Individual slabs consist of a square or a triangular lattice of air holes embedded into a silicon nitride slab. The geometrical parameters are chosen so that the individual slabs operate in a guided resonance regime where strong reflectivity under the normal incidence angle is observed in a broad spectral range. When placed in the close proximity of each other, the two photonic crystal slab system exhibits a narrow Fabry-Perot type transmission peak corresponding to the excitation of a resonant mode in the cavity formed by the two slabs. We then study the effects of the size of the air gap between the two photonic crystal slabs on the spectral position and bandwidth of a resonance transmission peak. Finally, we investigate the electromagnetic energy distributions at the wavelength of a transmission resonance in the double slab photonic crystals. As a final result we demonstrate that this structure can provide electric field enhancement at the slab surface, which can be used for fluorescence enhancement.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(260.2510) Physical optics : Fluorescence
(260.5740) Physical optics : Resonance
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: March 30, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 14, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 2, 2009
Published: June 10, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Lina Shi, Pierre Pottier, Maksim Skorobogatiy, and Yves-Alain Peter, "Tunable structures comprising two photonic crystal slabs – optical study in view of multi-analyte enhanced detection," Opt. Express 17, 10623-10632 (2009)

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