OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 13 — Jun. 22, 2009
  • pp: 10881–10886

Endface reflectivities of optical nanowires

Shanshan Wang, Zhifang Hu, Huakang Yu, Wei Fang, Min Qiu, and Limin Tong  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 13, pp. 10881-10886 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.010881


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (484 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Endface reflectivities (ERs) of optical nanowires are investigated using three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulations. Typical ERs of both free-standing and substrate-supported silica, tellurite, PMMA and semiconductor nanowires or nanofibers are obtained. Unlike in conventional waveguides such as optical fibers, ERs of nanowires are usually considerably lower when operated in single mode. Dependences of ER on the diameter and the refractive index of the nanowire, and the wavelength of the guided light are also investigated. These results are helpful for estimating and understanding ERs in optical nanowires with diameters close to or smaller than the wavelengths of the light, and may offer valuable references for practical applications such as nanowire or nanofiber-based resonators and lasers.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: May 1, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 9, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 9, 2009
Published: June 15, 2009

Citation
Shanshan Wang, Zhifang Hu, Huakang Yu, Wei Fang, Min Qiu, and Limin Tong, "Endface reflectivities of optical nanowires," Opt. Express 17, 10881-10886 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-13-10881


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. C. Johnson, H. J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, R. D. Schaller, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 106–110 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and A. Hale, “Fabrication and study of bent and coiled free silica nanowires: Self-coupling microloop optical interferometer,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3521–3531 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3521 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, “Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 1931–1937 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound-glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 400–402 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. W. Liang, Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, “Optical microfiber loop resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161108 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. L. M. Tong, L. L. Hu, J. J. Zhang, J. R. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Y. Lou, Y. H. Shen, J. J. He, and Z. Z. Ye, “Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses,” Opt. Express 14(1), 82–87 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-1-82 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. S. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. H. Li, L. M. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, “Demonstration of microfiber knot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 143513 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. H. Li and L. M. Tong, “Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 303–305 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. D. Pelusi, F. Luan, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “High bit rate all-optical signal processing in a fiber photonic wire,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11506–11512 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-15-11506 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. M. Jung, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Broadband single-mode operation of standard optical fibers by using a sub-wavelength optical wire filter,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14661–14667 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14661 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. X. Gu, L. Zhang, X. F. Yin, and L. M. Tong, “Polymer single-nanowire optical sensors,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2757–2761 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. V. Bondarenko and Y. Zhao, ““Needle beam:” Beyond-diffraction-limit concentration of field and transmitted power in dielectric waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Phase-correlated nondirectional laser emission from the end facets of a ZnO nanowire,” Nano Lett. 6(12), 2707–2711 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Nakayama, P. J. Pauzauskie, A. Radenovic, R. M. Onorato, R. J. Saykally, J. Liphardt, and P. D. Yang, “Tunable nanowire nonlinear optical probe,” Nature 447(7148), 1098–1101 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, J. S. Wilkinson, and D. J. Richardson, “Optical propulsion of individual and clustered microspheres along sub-micron optical wires,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6716–6718 (2008). [CrossRef]
  19. S. S. Wang, J. Fu, M. Qiu, K. J. Huang, Z. Ma, and L. M. Tong, “Modeling endface output patterns of optical micro/nanofibers,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8887–8895 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-8887 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. W. L. She, J. H. Yu, and R. H. Feng, “Observation of a push force on the end face of a nanometer silica filament exerted by outgoing light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(24), 243601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. H. Yu, R. H. Feng, and W. L. She, “Low-power all-optical switch based on the bend effect of a nm fiber taper driven by outgoing light,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4640–4645 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-6-4640 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Far-field emission of a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(6), 572–574 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. V. G. Bordo, “Reflection and diffraction at the end of a cylindrical dielectric nanowire: Exact analytical solution,” Phys. Rev. B 78(8), 085318 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Taflove, and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech, 1995).
  26. K. Kawano, and T. Kitoh, Introduction to Optical Waveguide Analysis: Solving Maxwell’s Equations and the Schrödinger Equation (Wiley, 2001).
  27. D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, A. Farjadpour, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, The Meep FDTD package, http://ab-initio.mit.edu/meep/ .
  28. P. Klocek, Handbook of Infrared Optical Materials, (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1991).
  29. L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, “Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(6), 1025–1035 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-6-1025 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. Y. Chen, Z. Ma, Q. Yang, and L. M. Tong, “Compact optical short-pass filters based on microfibers,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2565–2567 (2008). [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited