OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 13 — Jun. 22, 2009
  • pp: 10959–10969

Multiple path length dual polarization interferometry

Paul D. Coffey, Marcus J. Swann, Thomas A. Waigh, Fred Schedin, and Jian R. Lu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 13, pp. 10959-10969 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (249 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An optical sensor for quantitative analysis of ultrathin films and adsorbed layers is described. Quantification of both layer thickness and refractive index (density) can be made for in situ and ex-situ coated films. With the use of two polarizations, in situ measurements are made via one path length in a young’s interferometer arrangement while ex-situ measurements use multiple path lengths. The multiple path length young’s interferometer arrangement is embodied in a solid state waveguide configuration called the multiple path length dual polarization interferometer (MPL-DPI). The technique is demonstrated with ultrathin layers of poly(methylmethacrylate) and human serum albumin.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(240.6700) Optics at surfaces : Surfaces
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(280.1415) Remote sensing and sensors : Biological sensing and sensors
(310.6845) Thin films : Thin film devices and applications

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: May 4, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 29, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 29, 2009
Published: June 16, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Paul D. Coffey, Marcus J. Swann, Thomas A. Waigh, Fred Schedin, and Jian R. Lu, "Multiple path length dual polarization interferometry," Opt. Express 17, 10959-10969 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Manoudis, S. Papadopoulou, I. Karapanagiotis, A. Tsakalof, I. Zuburtikudis, and C. Panayiotou, “Polymer-Silica nanoparticles composite films as protective coatings for stone-based monuments,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 61, 1361–1365 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Yaseen, H. J. Salacinski, A. M. Seifalian, and J. R. Lu, “Dynamic protein adsorption at the polyurethane copolymer/water interface,” Biomed. Mater. 3(3), 034123 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Park, D. H. Lee, J. Xu, B. Kim, S. W. Hong, U. Jeong, T. Xu, and T. P. Russell, “Macroscopic 10-terabit-per-square-inch arrays from block copolymers with lateral order,” Science 323(5917), 1030–1033 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Siepmann, J. Siepmann, M. Walther, R. J. MacRae, and R. Bodmeier, “Polymer blends for controlled release coatings,” J. Control. Release 125(1), 1–15 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Yu, W. Lian, Y. He, J. Shu, J. M. Tobin, and L. Shuyou, “Highly transparent and conductive double-layer oxide thin films as anodes for organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051116 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. W. C. Herrmann and D. E. Morton, “Thin-film optical coating filter stability under different environmental conditions,” Appl. Opt. 32(28), 5673–5676 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. H. Cross, N. J. Freeman, and M. J. Swann, “Dual Polarization Interferometry: A Real-Time Optical Technique for Measuring (Bio)molecular Orientation, Structure and Function at the Solid/Liquid Interface,” in Handbook of Biosensors and Biochips, R. S. Marks, C. R. Lowe, D. C. Cullen, and H. H. Weetall, eds. (Wiley-Interscience, 2007), pp. 549–568.
  8. X. Su, Y.-J. Wu, and W. Knoll, “Comparison of surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and quartz crystal microbalance techniques for studying DNA assembly and hybridization,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(5), 719–726 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. K. Mann, L. Heinrich, and P. Schaaf, “Validity of the Uniform Thin-Film Approximation for the Optical Analysis of Particulate Films,” Langmuir 13(18), 4906–4909 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Heinrich, E. K. Mann, J. C. Voegel, and P. Schaaf, “Characterization of Thin Protein Films through Scanning Angle Reflectometry,” Langmuir 13(12), 3177–3186 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. X. Zhao, F. Pan, P. Coffey, and J. R. Lu, “Cationic copolymer-mediated DNA immobilization: interfacial structure and composition as determined by ellipsometry, dual polarization interferometry, and neutron reflection,” Langmuir 24(23), 13556–13564 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. S. Lord, M. H. Stenzel, A. Simmons, and B. K. Milthorpe, “Lysozyme interaction with poly(HEMA)-based hydrogel,” Biomaterials 27(8), 1341–1345 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. R. Horváth, G. Fricsovszky, and E. Papp, “Application of the optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy to monitor lipid bilayer phase transition,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 18(4), 415–428 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. H. Cross, A. A. Reeves, S. Brand, J. F. Popplewell, L. L. Peel, M. J. Swann, and N. J. Freeman, “A new quantitative optical biosensor for protein characterisation,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 19(4), 383–390 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Kokkinis, E. S. Valamontes, D. Goustouridis, T. Ganetsos, K. Beltsios, and I. Raptis, “Molecular weight and processing effects on the dissolution properties of thin poly(methyl methacrylate) films,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(1), 93–99 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. J. A. Defeijter, J. Benjamins, and F. A. Veer, “Ellipsometry as a Tool to Study Adsorption Behavior of Synthetic and Biopolymers at Air-Water-Interface,” Biopolymers 17(7), 1759–1772 (1978). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited