OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 13 — Jun. 22, 2009
  • pp: 10970–10975

Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of polycrystalline BiFeO3

Bing Gu, Yang Wang, John Wang, and Wei Ji  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 13, pp. 10970-10975 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (240 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report both linear and nonlinear optical properties of a ferroelectric thin film of polycrystalline BiFeO3 deposited on a quartz substrate. The linear refraction index and absorption coefficient of the film are determined as a function of light wavelength by optical transmittance measurements. By performing Z-scan experiments with femtosecond laser pulses at a wavelength of 780 nm, the third-order nonlinear refraction index and two-photon absorption (2PA) coefficient are measured to be 1.5×10-4 cm2/GW and 16 cm/GW, respectively. The results indicate that the thin film of polycrystalline BiFeO3 is a promising candidate for applications in nonlinear photonic devices.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2260) Materials : Ferroelectrics
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: May 7, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 2, 2009
Published: June 16, 2009

Bing Gu, Yang Wang, John Wang, and Wei Ji, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of BiFeO3," Opt. Express 17, 10970-10975 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Wang, J. B. Neaton, H. Zheng, V. Nagarajan, S. B. Ogale, B. Liu, D. Viehland, V. Vaithyanathan, D. G. Schlom, U. V. Waghmare, N. A. Spaldin, K. M. Rabe, M. Wuttig, and R. Ramesh, "Epitaxial BiFeO3 multiferroic thin film heterostructures," Science 299, 1719-1722 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Y. Yun, M. Noda, and M. Okuyama, "Prominent ferroelectricity of BiFeO3 thin films prepared by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3981-3983 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. S. R. Basu, L. W. Martin, Y. H. Chu, M. Gajek, R. Ramesh, R. C. Rai, X. Xu, and J. L. Musfeldt, "Photoconductivity in BiFeO3 thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091905 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, D. Hunter, J. B. Dadson, G. B. Loutts, P. Bhattacharya, R. Katiyar, J. Zhang, D. J. Sellmyer, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Magnetic and electrical properties of single-phase multiferroic BiFeO3," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093903 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Wang, R. Y. Zheng, C. H. Sim, and J. Wang, "Charged defects and their effects on electrical behavior in Bi1−xLaxFeO3 thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 016106 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Kumar, R. C. Rai, N. J. Podraza, S. Denev, M. Ramirez, Y. H. Chu, L. W. Martin, J. Ihlefeld, T. Heeg, J. Suchubert, D. G. Schlom, J. Orenstein, R. Ramesh, R. W. Collins, J. L. Musfeldt, and V. Gopalan, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of BiFeO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121915 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Shin, H. J. Chang, R. W. Boyd, M. R. Choi, and W. Jo, "Large nonlinear optical response of polycrystalline Bi3.25La0.75Ti3O12 ferroelectric thin films on quartz substrates," Opt. Lett. 32, 2453-2455 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Gu, Y. H. Wang, X. C. Peng, J. P. Ding, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, "Giant optical nonlinearity of a Bi2Nd2Ti3O12 ferroelectric thin film," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3687-3689 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. W. Leng, C. Yang, H. Ji, J. Zhang, J. Tang, H. Chen, and L. Gao, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of RF sputtered (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O3 ferroelectric thin films," J. Mater. Sci: Mater. Electron. 18, 887-892 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Ning, C. Chen, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, G. Yang, "Large optical nonlinearity in CaCu3Ti4O12 thin films," Appl. Phys. A 94, 567-570 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. S. W. Liu, J. Xu, D. Guzun, G. J. Salamo, C. L. Chen, Y. Lin, and M. Xiao, "Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction of epitaxial Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 thin films on (001) MgO substrates," Appl. Phys. B 82, 443-447 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Swanepoel, "Determination of the thickness and optical constants of amorphous silicon," J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum. 16, 1214-1222 (1983). [CrossRef]
  13. N. A. Barboza and R. S. Cudney, "Improved Sellmeier equation for congruently grown lithium tantalate," Appl. Phys. B 95, 453-458 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, "Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Amorphous Germanium," Phys. Stat. Sol. 15, 627-637 (1966). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, "Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity," Appl. Opt. 47, 1187-1192 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. W. P. Zang, J. G. Tian, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, C. P. Zhang, and G. Y. Zhang, "Study on Z-scan characteristics of cascaded nonlinear media," Appl. Phys. B 77, 529-533 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, "Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1799-1801 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. D. Rativa, R. E. de Araujo, C. B. de Ara’ujo, A. S. L. Gomes, and L. R. P. Kassab, "Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of lead-germanium oxide amorphous films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 231906 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. R. Lopez, R. F. Haglund, Jr., L. C. Feldman, L. A. Boatner, and T. E. Haynes, "Optical nonlinearities in VO2 nanoparticles and thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5191-5193 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. R. L. Sutherland with contributions by D. G. McLean and S. Kikpatrick, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited