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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 14 — Jul. 6, 2009
  • pp: 11813–11821

Optical characterization of adaptive fluidic silicone-membrane lenses

Florian Schneider, Jan Draheim, Robert Kamberger, Philipp Waibel, and Ulrike Wallrabe  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 14, pp. 11813-11821 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.011813


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Abstract

We present an extended optical characterization of an adaptive microfluidic silicone-membrane lens at a wavelength of 633 nm, respectively 660 nm. Two different membrane variations; one with a homogeneous membrane thickness, and one with a shaped cross section, have been realized. This paper includes the theoretical predictions of the optical performance via FEM simulation and ray tracing, and a subsequent orientation dependent experimental analysis of the lens quality which is measured with an MTF setup and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. The influence of the fabrication process on the optical performance is also characterized by the membrane deformation in the non-deflected state. The lens with the homogeneous membrane of 5 mm in diameter and an aperture of 2.5 mm indicates an almost orientation independent image quality of 117 linepairs/mm at a contrast of 50%. The shaped membrane lenses show a minimum wave front error of WFERMS=24 nm, and the lenses with a planar membrane of WFERMS=31 nm at an aperture of 2.125 mm.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(080.3630) Geometric optics : Lenses
(110.1080) Imaging systems : Active or adaptive optics

ToC Category:
Adaptive Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 28, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 30, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 1, 2009
Published: June 29, 2009

Citation
Florian Schneider, Jan Draheim, Robert Kamberger, Philipp Waibel, and Ulrike Wallrabe, "Optical characterization of adaptive fluidic silicone-membrane lenses," Opt. Express 17, 11813-11821 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-14-11813


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