OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 15 — Jul. 20, 2009
  • pp: 12269–12278

Calculations and experimental demonstration of multi-photon absorption governing fs laser-induced damage in titania

Marco Jupé, Lars Jensen, Andrius Melninkaitis, Valdas Sirutkaitis, and Detlev Ristau  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 15, pp. 12269-12278 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (340 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Laser damage phenomena are governed by a number of different effects for the respective operation modes and pulse durations. In the ultra short pulse regime the electronic structure in the dielectric coating and the substrate material set the prerequisite for the achieved laser damage threshold of an optical component. Theoretical considerations have been done to assess the impact of contributing ionization phenomena in order to find a valid description for laser-induced damage in the femtosecond (fs) domain. Subsequently, a special set of sample has been designed to verify these considerations via ISO certified laser damage testing. Examining the theoretical and experimental data reveals the importance of multi-photon absorption for the optical breakdown. For titania, the influence of multi-photon absorption has been clearly shown by a quantized wavelength characteristic of the laser damage threshold.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3330) Lasers and laser optics : Laser damage
(310.3840) Thin films : Materials and process characterization
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: March 3, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 5, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 8, 2009
Published: July 6, 2009

Marco Jupé, Lars Jensen, Andrius Melninkaitis, Valdas Sirutkaitis, and Detlev Ristau, "Calculations and experimental demonstration of multi-photon absorption governing fs laser-induced damage in titania," Opt. Express 17, 12269-12278 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. Kamlage, T. Bauer, A. Ostendorf, B. N. Chichkov, "Deep drilling of metal by femtosecond laser pulses" Appl. Phys. A,  A77,307-310 (2003).
  2. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, K. B. Wharton, K. B, "Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters," Nature 383,489-492 (1999).
  3. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, "Nanosecond-to femtosecond laser induced breakdown in dielectrics" Phys. Rev. B 53,1749-1761 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Damage and Filamentary Propagation in Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,(18) 186601 (2002).
  5. M. Mero, A. J. Sabbah, J. Liu, B. Clapp, J. Zeller, W. Rudolph, K. Starke, D. Ristau, "Femtosecond pulse damage behavior of oxide and fluoride dielectric thin films," Proc. SPIE 5273 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, "Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films," Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Jup, L. Jensen, M. Lappschies, K. Starke, and D. Ristau, "Improvement in laser irradiation resistance of fsdielectric optics using silica mixtures," Proc. SPIE 640364031A (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. K. Starke, D. Ristau, H. Welling, T. V. Amotchkina, M. Trubetskov, A. A. Tikhonravov, A. S. Chirkin, "Investigations in the non-linear behavior of dielectric coatings by using ultrashort pulses," Proc. SPIE 5273 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. Feit and J. J. A. Fleck, "Effect of refraction on spot-size dependence of laser-induced breakdown," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24(4)169-172 (1974). [CrossRef]
  10. "ISO 11254: Optics and optical instruments. Lasers and laser related equipment. Test methods for laser induced damage threshold of optical surfaces. Part 1: 1 on 1-test, 2000, Part 2: S on 1 test, 2001, Part 3: Assurance of laser power handling capabilities 2006" International Organization of Standardisation.
  11. M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses: II. theory," Proc. SPIE 2428,469-478 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited