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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 15 — Jul. 20, 2009
  • pp: 12332–12344

Near quantum-limited, single-shot coherent arbitrary optical waveform measurements

Nicolas K. Fontaine, Ryan P. Scott, Jonathan P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 15, pp. 12332-12344 (2009)

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Four-quadrature spectral interferometry using balanced coherent detection enables single-shot full-field characterization of complex-shaped optical waveforms with near quantum-limited sensitivity. A 90° optical hybrid places a waveform in four-quadrature-phases with a stronger, well-characterized reference pulse. Measurement of the four spectra with an integrating two-dimensional detector array followed by balanced detection uniquely determines the signal field. Balanced coherent detection provides common-mode noise rejection and coherent gain enabling near quantum-limited sensitivity. The single-shot waveform was temporally gated from a 100 ps periodic train of arbitrary optical waveforms generated using line-by-line pulse shaping on a 10 GHz optical frequency comb. The measurements show arbitrary waveforms with 200-ps record lengths, 500 GHz optical bandwidths and only 1200 detected photons.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.1880) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Detection
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: April 10, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 16, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 16, 2009
Published: July 6, 2009

Nicolas K. Fontaine, Ryan P. Scott, Jonathan P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Near quantum-limited, single-shot coherent arbitrary optical waveform measurements," Opt. Express 17, 12332-12344 (2009)

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