OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 15 — Jul. 20, 2009
  • pp: 12555–12563

All-optical 40 Gbit/s CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion using four-wave mixing

Jian Wang, Qizhen Sun, and Junqiang Sun  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 15, pp. 12555-12563 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.012555


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (270 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report simultaneous logic XOR gate for carrier-suppressed return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (CSRZ-DPSK) and format conversion from CSRZ-DPSK to return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (RZ-DPSK) by exploiting non-degenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) in a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). We derive analytical solutions to complex amplitudes under non-depletion approximation to show the principle of operation and verify the CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion by theoretical analyses. Three converted idlers are obtained by three non-degenerate FWM processes. All-optical 40 Gbit/s simultaneous multicasting CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and CSRZ-DPSK to RZ-DPSK format conversion are successfully demonstrated in the experiment.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(130.3750) Integrated optics : Optical logic devices
(190.4360) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, devices
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 13, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 9, 2009
Published: July 9, 2009

Citation
Jian Wang, Qizhen Sun, and Junqiang Sun, "All-optical 40 Gbit/s CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion using four-wave mixing," Opt. Express 17, 12555-12563 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-15-12555


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. K. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "Demonstration of 20-Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897-899 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical XOR operation of 40 Gbit/s phase-shift-keyed data using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 40, 496-498 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. N. Deng, K. Chan, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702-707 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, and K. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Express 15, 7774-7785 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. M. Lai, C. H. Kwok, and K. Wong, "All-optical picoseconds logic gates based on a fiber optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 16, 18362-18370 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Experimental demonstration on 40 Gbit/s all-optical multicasting logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Commun. 282, 2615-2619 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 451-458 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. B. P. P. Kuo, P. C. Chui, and K. Wong, "All-optical tunable delay with NRZ-to-RZ format conversion capability based on optical Kerr switch and pulse pre-chirping," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3770-3775 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Arahira, H. Murai, and K. Fujii, "All-optical modulation-format convertor employing polarization-rotation-type nonlinear optical fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1530-1532 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Mishina, S. Kitagawa, and A. Maruta, "All-optical modulation format conversion from on-off-keying to multiple-level phase-shift-keying based on nonlinearity in optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 8444-8453 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. Astar, C.-C. Wei, Y.-J. Chen, J. Chen, and G. Carter, "Polarization-insensitive, 40 Gb/s wavelength and RZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation format conversion by XPM in a highly nonlinear PCF," Opt. Express 16, 12039-12049 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Proposal for PPLN-based all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, RZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK, and RZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK format conversions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1039-1041 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008). [CrossRef]
  19. X. M. Liu, "Four-wave mixing self-stability based on photonic crystal fiber and its applications on erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 260, 554-559 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "DPSK multicast using multiple-pump FWM in Bismuths highly nonlinear fiber with high multicast efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 21964-21970 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious four-wave mixing in two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 434-436 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited