OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 15 — Jul. 20, 2009
  • pp: 13031–13039

Distributed feedback ring resonators for vertically emitting terahertz quantum cascade lasers

Lukas Mahler, Maria I. Amanti, Christoph Walther, Alessandro Tredicucci, Fabio Beltram, Jérôme Faist, Harvey E. Beere, and David A. Ritchie  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 15, pp. 13031-13039 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.013031


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3521 KB) | SpotlightSpotlight on Optics





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present distributed-feedback Terahertz quantum cascade lasers operating in a double-metal ring waveguide. High power collimated emission in a single spectral mode is observed in the vertical direction. A double-slit configuration is employed to achieve both good electrical contacts and efficient power out-coupling. The optical properties of the devices are interpreted with the aid of finite element simulations.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3490) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, distributed-feedback
(140.3560) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ring
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(250.7270) Optoelectronics : Vertical emitting lasers
(140.5965) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers, quantum cascade

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 12, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 24, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: July 6, 2009
Published: July 15, 2009

Virtual Issues
July 17, 2009 Spotlight on Optics

Citation
Lukas Mahler, Maria I. Amanti, Christoph Walther, Alessandro Tredicucci, Fabio Beltram, Jérôme Faist, Harvey E. Beere, and David A. Ritchie, "Distributed feedback ring resonators for vertically emitting terahertz quantum cascade lasers," Opt. Express 17, 13031-13039 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-15-13031


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, “Terahertz semiconductor-heterostructure laser,” Nature 417(6885), 156–159 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. S. Williams, “Terahertz quantum-cascade lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 517–525 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. H.-W. Hübers, S. G. Pavlov, H. Richter, A. D. Semenov, L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, “High-resolution gas phase spectroscopy with a distributed feedback terahertz quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061115 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. A. W. M. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time terahertz imaging over a standoff distance (>25 meters),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141125 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kumar and A. W. M. Lee, “Resonant-phonon terahertz quantum-cascade lasers and video-rate terahertz imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 333–344 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. J. R. Gao, J. N. Hovenier, Z. Q. Yang, J. J. A. Baselmans, A. Baryshev, M. Hajenius, T. M. Klapwijk, A. J. L. Adam, T. O. Klaassen, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz heterodyne receiver based on a quantum cascade laser and a superconducting bolometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 244104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. H.-W. Hübers, S. Pavlov, A. Semenov, R. Köhler, L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, H. Beere, D. Ritchie, and E. Linfield, “Terahertz quantum cascade laser as local oscillator in a heterodyne receiver,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5890–5896 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, H. Callebaut, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz quantum-cascade laser at λ ≈ 100 µm using metal waveguide for mode confinement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(11), 2124–2126 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. Reno, “186 K operation of terahertz quantum-cascade lasers based on a diagonal design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(13), 131105 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. M. I. Amanti, M. Fischer, C. Walther, G. Scalari, and J. Faist, “Horn antennas for terahertz quantum cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 43(10), 573–574 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Wei Min Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “High-power and high-temperature THz quantum-cascade lasers based on lens-coupled metal-metal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2840–2842 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Sirigu, R. Terazzi, M. I. Amanti, M. Giovannini, J. Faist, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, “Terahertz quantum cascade lasers based on two-dimensional photonic crystal resonators,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5206–5217 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. O. P. Marshall, V. Apostolopoulos, J. R. Freeman, R. Rungsawang, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, “Surface-emitting photonic crystal terahertz quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171112 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Electrically pumped photonic-crystal terahertz lasers controlled by boundary conditions,” Nature 457(7226), 174–178 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. O. Demichel, L. Mahler, T. Losco, C. Mauro, R. Green, A. Tredicucci, J. Xu, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and V. Tamošinuas, “Surface plasmon photonic structures in terahertz quantum cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5335–5345 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. A. Fan, M. A. Belkin, F. Capasso, S. Khanna, M. Lachab, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Surface emitting terahertz quantum cascade laser with a double-metal waveguide,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11672–11680 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Qin, A. W. Lee, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Surface-emitting distributed feedback terahertz quantum-cascade lasers in metal-metal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(1), 113–128 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Schubert and F. Rana, “Analysis of Terahertz Surface Emitting Quantum-Cascade Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(3), 257–265 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, “Finite size effects in surface emitting Terahertz quantum cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6703–6709 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, “Vertically emitting microdisk lasers,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 46–49 (2008). [CrossRef]
  21. E. Mujagić, S. Schartner, L. K. Hoffmann, W. Schrenk, M. P. Semtsiv, M. Wienold, W. T. Masselink, and G. Strasser, “Grating-coupled surface emitting quantum cascade ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(1), 011108 (2008). [CrossRef]
  22. E. Mujagić, L. K. Hoffmann, S. Schartner, M. Nobile, W. Schrenk, M. P. Semtsiv, M. Wienold, W. T. Masselink, and G. Strasser, “Low divergence single-mode surface emitting quantum cascade ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161101 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineults, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Predictable surface emission patterns in terahertz photonic-crystal quantum cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9491–9502 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Fischer, R. Terazzi, C. Walther, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Step well quantum cascade laser emitting at 3 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041114 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited