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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 16 — Aug. 3, 2009
  • pp: 14029–14052

Mapping total suspended matter from geostationary satellites: a feasibility study with SEVIRI in the Southern North Sea

Griet Neukermans, Kevin Ruddick, Emilien Bernard, Didier Ramon, Bouchra Nechad, and Pierre-Yves Deschamps  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 16, pp. 14029-14052 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.014029


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Abstract

Geostationary ocean colour sensors have not yet been launched into space, but are under consideration by a number of space agencies. This study provides a proof of concept for mapping of Total Suspended Matter (TSM) in turbid coastal waters from geostationary platforms with the existing SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager) meteorological sensor on the METEOSAT Second Generation platform. Data are available in near real time every 15 minutes. SEVIRI lacks sufficient bands for chlorophyll remote sensing but its spectral resolution is sufficient for quantification of Total Suspended Matter (TSM) in turbid waters, using a single broad red band, combined with a suitable near infrared band. A test data set for mapping of TSM in the Southern North Sea was obtained covering 35 consecutive days from June 28 until July 31 2006. Atmospheric correction of SEVIRI images includes corrections for Rayleigh and aerosol scattering, absorption by atmospheric gases and atmospheric transmittances. The aerosol correction uses assumptions on the ratio of marine reflectances and aerosol reflectances in the red and near-infrared bands. A single band TSM retrieval algorithm, calibrated by nonlinear regression of seaborne measurements of TSM and marine reflectance was applied. The effect of the above assumptions on the uncertainty of the marine reflectance and TSM products was analysed. Results show that (1) mapping of TSM in the Southern North Sea is feasible with SEVIRI for turbid waters, though with considerable uncertainties in clearer waters, (2) TSM maps are well correlated with TSM maps obtained from MODIS AQUA and (3) during cloud-free days, high frequency dynamics of TSM are detected.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1285) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric correction
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: May 26, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 17, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: July 17, 2009
Published: July 29, 2009

Citation
Griet Neukermans, Kevin Ruddick, Emilien Bernard, Didier Ramon, Bouchra Nechad, and Pierre-Yves Deschamps, "Mapping total suspended matter from geostationary satellites: a feasibility study with SEVIRI in the Southern North Sea," Opt. Express 17, 14029-14052 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-16-14029


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