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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 17 — Aug. 17, 2009
  • pp: 15087–15103

On the application of a monolithic array for detecting intensity-correlated photons emitted by different source types

D. L. Boiko, N. J. Gunther, N. Brauer, M. Sergio, C. Niclass, G. B. Beretta, and E. Charbon  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 17, pp. 15087-15103 (2009)

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It is not widely appreciated that many subtleties are involved in the accurate measurement of intensity-correlated photons; even for the original experiments of Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT). Using a monolithic 4×4 array of single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs), together with an off-chip algorithm for processing streaming data, we investigate the difficulties of measuring second-order photon correlations g(2)(x′, t′,x, t) in a wide variety of light fields that exhibit dramatically different correlation statistics: a multimode He-Ne laser, an incoherent intensity-modulated lamp-light source and a thermal light source. Our off-chip algorithm treats multiple photon-arrivals at pixel-array pairs, in any observation interval, with photon fluxes limited by detector saturation, in such a way that a correctly normalized g(2) function is guaranteed. The impact of detector background correlations between SPAD pixels and afterpulsing effects on second-order coherence measurements is discussed. These results demonstrate that our monolithic SPAD array enables access to effects that are otherwise impossible to measure with stand-alone detectors.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(040.1240) Detectors : Arrays
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: June 29, 2009
Revised Manuscript: August 3, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 4, 2009
Published: August 11, 2009

D. L. Boiko, N. J. Gunther, N. Brauer, M. Sergio, C. Niclass, G. B. Beretta, and E. Charbon, "On the application of a monolithic array for detecting intensity-correlated photons emitted by different source types," Opt. Express 17, 15087-15103 (2009)

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