OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 18 — Aug. 31, 2009
  • pp: 15468–15480

Modulating the multi-wave mixing processes via the polarizable dark states

Huaibin Zheng, Yanpeng Zhang, Utsab Khadka, Ruimin Wang, Changbiao Li, Zhiqiang Nie, and Min Xiao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 18, pp. 15468-15480 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (305 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have observed multi-wave mixing (MWM) processes in reversed-Y (RY) type system in 87Rb atoms with electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) windows at different laser polarization configurations. Interesting rules of changing the MWM processes and EIT profiles are obtained. We have found that the degenerate Zeeman sublevels and their dressed-state effects are responsible for these observed phenomena. Polarizable dark states are used to describe the multi-level dressed states. The experimental data are in good agreement with the results from the theoretical calculation that takes into account all the 16 Zeeman sublevels in the RY system.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(190.4223) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear wave mixing

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: June 22, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 19, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: July 20, 2009
Published: August 17, 2009

Huaibin Zheng, Yanpeng Zhang, Utsab Khadka, Ruimin Wang, Changbiao Li, Zhiqiang Nie, and Min Xiao, "Modulating the multi-wave mixing processes via the polarizable dark states," Opt. Express 17, 15468-15480 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Today. 50, 36-42 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A. 51, 576- 584 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. P. R. Hemmer, D. P. Katz, J. Donoghue, M. Cronin-Golomb, M. S. Shahriar, and P. Kumar, "Efficient low-intensity optical phase conjugation based on coherent population trapping in sodium," Opt. Lett. 20, 982-984 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. Lu, W. H. Burkett, and M. Xiao, "Nondegenerate Four-Wave Mixing in a double-? system under the influence of coherent population trapping," Opt. Lett. 23, 804-806 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. K. J Jiang, L. Deng, and M. G. Payne, "Observation of quantum destructive interference in inelastic Two-wave Mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083604 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Kang, G. Hernandez, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, "Phase-contrlled light switching at low light levels," Phys. Rev. A. 73, 011802 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, "Entangled images from Four-Wave Mixing," Science. 321, 544-547 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. W. Du, J. M. Wen, M. H. Rubin, and G. Y. Yin, "Four-wave Mixing and biphoton generation in a two-level system," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 0536014 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. V. B. Danielle, A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
  11. C. Cohen-Tannoudji and S. Reynaud, "Dreesed-atom description of resonance fluorescence and absorption spectra of a multi-level atom in an intense laser beam," J. Phys. B. 10, 345-363 (1977). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Zheng, Y. Zhang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chong, J. Song, and M. Xiao, "Interplay among multi-dressed Four-wave Mixing processes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 241101 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Zhang, B. Anderson, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, "Competition between two Four-wave Mixing channels via atomic coherence," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061113 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Zhang and M. Xiao, "Generalized dressed and doubly-dressed multi-wave mixing," Opt. Express. 15. 7182-7189 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. J. Zhu, A. A. Senin, Z. H. Lu, J. Gao, Y. Xiao, and J. G. Eden, "Polarization of signal wave radiation generated by parametric four-wave mixing in rubidium vapor: Ultrafast (~150-fs) and nanosecond time scale excitation," Phys. Rev. A. 72, 023811 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Y. Ling, Y. Q Li, and M. Xiao, "Coherent population trapping and electromagnetically induced transparency in multi-Zeeman-sublevel atoms," Phys. Rev. A,  53, 1014-1026 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Li, B. Wang, X. Yang, Y. Han, H. Wang, M. Xiao, and K. C. Peng, "Controlled polarization rotation of an optical field in multi-Zeeman-sublevel atoms," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 033821 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. For detail in transition probabilities of D1 and D2 line in Rb, see http:// steck. Us/ alkalidata.
  19. Y. Chen, C. Lin, and I. A. Yu, "Role of degenerate Zeeman levels in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A. 61, 053805 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited