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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 18 — Aug. 31, 2009
  • pp: 15685–15699

Finite element analysis of Brillouin gain in SBS-suppressing optical fibers with non-uniform acoustic velocity profiles

Benjamin Ward and Justin Spring  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 18, pp. 15685-15699 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.015685


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Abstract

A numerical investigation is presented of Brillouin gain in SBS-suppressing optical fibers with non-uniform acoustic velocity profiles. The equation determining the acoustic displacement in response to the electrostriction caused by the pump and Stokes waves reduces to the non-homogeneous Helmholtz equation for fibers with a uniform acoustic velocity profile. In this special case the acoustic displacement and subsequently the Brillouin gain are calculated using a Green's function. These results are then used to validate a finite-element solution of the same equation. This finite element method is then used to analyze a standard large mode area fiber as well as fibers incorporating four different acoustic velocity profiles with 5% variation in the acoustic velocity across the core. The profiles which suppress the peak Brillouin gain most effectively exhibit a maximum acoustic gradient near the midpoint between the center and boundary of the fiber core. These profiles produce 11 dB of suppression relative to standard large mode area fibers.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(190.2640) Nonlinear optics : Stimulated scattering, modulation, etc.

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 15, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 29, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 14, 2009
Published: August 20, 2009

Citation
Benjamin Ward and Justin Spring, "Finite element analysis of Brillouin gain in SBS-suppressing optical fibers with non-uniform acoustic velocity profiles," Opt. Express 17, 15685-15699 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-18-15685


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