OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 18 — Aug. 31, 2009
  • pp: 16332–16341

Generation of flattop pump pulses for OPCPA by coherent pulse stacking with fiber Bragg gratings

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, M. Rothhardt, M. Becker, S. Brückner, and H. Bartelt  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 18, pp. 16332-16341 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (610 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a simple and robust pulse shaping device based on coherent pulse stacking. The device is embedded in a polarisation maintaining step index fiber. An input pulse is sent through a fiber optical circulator. Up to four pulse replicas are reflected by fiber Bragg gratings and interfere at the output. Temperature control allows tuning of the relative pulse phases of the sub-pulses. Additionally fine tuning of the sub-pulse amplitudes is demonstrated. We experimentally generated 235 ps and 416 ps long flattop pulses with rising and falling edges shorter than 100 ps. In contrast to other pulse shaping techniques the presented setup is robust, alignment free, provides excellent beam quality and is also suitable for pulse durations up to several nanoseconds.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: June 8, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2009
Published: August 28, 2009

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, M. Rothhardt, M. Becker, S. Brückner, and H. Bartelt, "Generation of flattop pump pulses for OPCPA by coherent pulse stacking with fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 17, 16332-16341 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control,” Opt. Lett. 27(5), 306–308 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 567–569 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8168 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Witte, R. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. Eikema, “Generation of few-cycle terawatt light pulses using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 13(13), 4903–4908 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-13-4903 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and I. P. Christov, “Extreme Nonlinear Optics: Coherent X Rays from Lasers,” Phys. Today 58(3), 39 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “80 kHz repetition rate high power fiber amplifier flat-top pulse pumped OPCPA based on BIB3O6.,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2508–2517 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2508 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. N. Schimpf, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and D. C. Hanna, “Theoretical analysis of the gain bandwidth for noncollinear parametric amplification of ultrafast pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(11), 2837–2846 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-11-2837 . [CrossRef]
  8. G. Arisholm, R. Paschotta, and T. Südmeyer, “Limits to the power scalability of high-gain optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 578–590 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-21-3-578 . [CrossRef]
  9. L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatiotemporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(14), 1245–1247 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-14-1245 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, I. V. Yakovlev, S. G. Garanin, S. A. Sukharev, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. V. Charukhchev, R. R. Gerke, and V. E. Yashin, “200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14(1), 446–454 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-1-446 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, and E. M. Kirschner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5(8), 1563–1572 (1988). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, and P. Tournois, “Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping,” Opt. Lett. 25(8), 575–577 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. H. E. Bates, R. R. Alfano, and N. Schiller, “Picosecond pulse stacking in calcite,” Appl. Opt. 18(7), 947–949 (1979), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-18-7-947 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. I. Will, “Generation of flattop picosecond pulses by means of a two-stage birefringent filter,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. A 594(2), 119–125 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. I. Will and G. Klemz, “Generation of flat-top picosecond pulses by coherent pulse stacking in a multicrystal birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14922–14937 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14922 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, and D. J. Richardson, “Rectangular Pulse Generation Based on Pulse Reshaping Using a SuperstructuredFiber Bragg Grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 746- (2001). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-19-5-746
  17. N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reshaping periodic light pulses using cascaded uniform fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2746–2751 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. O. Barmenkov, D. Zalvidea, S. Torres-Peiró, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Effective length of short Fabry-Perot cavity formed by uniform fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 14(14), 6394–6399 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. N. Schimpf, C. Ruchert, D. Nodop, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and F. Salin, “Compensation of pulse-distortion in saturated laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17637–17646 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited