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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 19 — Sep. 14, 2009
  • pp: 16885–16897

Multipixel silicon avalanche photodiode with ultralow dark count rate at liquid nitrogen temperature

M. Akiba, K. Tsujino, K. Sato, and M. Sasaki  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 19, pp. 16885-16897 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.016885


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Abstract

Multipixel silicon avalanche photodiodes (Si APDs) are novel photodetectors used as silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs), or multipixel photon counter (MPPC), because they have fast response, photon-number resolution, and a high count rate; one drawback, however, is the high dark count rate. We developed a system for cooling an MPPC to liquid nitrogen temperature and thus reduce the dark count rate. Our system achieved dark count rates of <0.2 cps. Here we present the afterpulse probability, counting capability, timing jitter, and photon-number resolution of our system at 78.5 K and 295 K.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.0040) Detectors : Detectors
(040.1240) Detectors : Arrays
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(040.1345) Detectors : Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

ToC Category:
Detectors

History
Original Manuscript: June 22, 2009
Revised Manuscript: August 13, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 31, 2009
Published: September 8, 2009

Citation
M. Akiba, K. Tsujino, K. Sato, and M. Sasaki, "Multipixel silicon avalanche photodiode with ultralow dark count rate at liquid nitrogen temperature," Opt. Express 17, 16885-16897 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-19-16885


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