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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 20 — Sep. 28, 2009
  • pp: 17344–17356

M2-factor of coherent and partially coherent dark hollow beams propagating in turbulent atmosphere

Yangsheng Yuan, Yangjian Cai, Jun Qu, Halil T. Eyyuboğlu, Yahya Baykal, and Olga Korotkova  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 20, pp. 17344-17356 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.017344


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Abstract

Analytical formula is derived for the M2 -factor of coherent and partially coherent dark hollow beams (DHB) in turbulent atmosphere based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel integral and the second-order moments of the Wigner distribution function. Our numerical results show that the M2 - factor of a DHB in turbulent atmosphere increases on propagation, which is much different from its invariant properties in free-space, and is mainly determined by the parameters of the beam and the atmosphere. The relative M2 -factor of a DHB increases slower than that of Gaussian and flat-topped beams on propagation, which means a DHB is less affected by the atmospheric turbulence than Gaussian and flat-topped beams. Furthermore, the relative M2 -factor of a DHB with lower coherence, longer wavelength and larger dark size is less affected by the atmospheric turbulence. Our results will be useful in long-distance free-space optical communications.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(030.0030) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence and statistical optics

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 14, 2009
Revised Manuscript: August 14, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 8, 2009
Published: September 14, 2009

Citation
Yangsheng Yuan, Yangjian Cai, Jun Qu, Halil T. Eyyuboğlu, Yahya Baykal, and Olga Korotkova, "M2-factor of coherent and partially coherent dark hollow beams propagating in turbulent atmosphere," Opt. Express 17, 17344-17356 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17344


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