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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 20 — Sep. 28, 2009
  • pp: 17570–17581

Spontaneous emission of guided polaritons by quantum dot coupled to metallic nanowire: Beyond the dipole approximation

Ivan D. Rukhlenko, Dayan Handapangoda, Malin Premaratne, Anatoly V. Fedorov, Alexander V. Baranov, and Chennupati Jagadish  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 20, pp. 17570-17581 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.017570


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Abstract

In this paper, we theoretically analyze the emission of guided polaritons accompanying spontaneous recombination in a semiconductor quantum dot coupled to metallic nanowire. This study is aimed to shed light on the interaction between optically excited quantum emitters and metallic nanowaveguides beyond the validity of dipole approximation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time the geometry of quantum emitter and spatial inhomogeneity of the electric field constituting the fundamental polariton mode are fully taken into account. Even though we performed the analysis for disk-like quantum dot, all the conclusions are quite general and remain valid for any emitter with nanometer dimensions. Particularly, we found that the strong inhomogeneity of the electric field near the nanowire surface results in a variety of dipole-forbidden transitions in the quantum dot energy spectra. It was also unambiguously shown that there is a certain nanowire radius that gives maximum emission efficiency into the fundamental polariton mode. Since the dipole approximation breaks for nanowires with small radii and relatively big nanoemitters, the above features need to be considered in the engineering of plasmonic devices for nanophotonic networks.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.5590) Optical devices : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(240.5420) Optics at surfaces : Polaritons
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: July 17, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 9, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 14, 2009
Published: September 16, 2009

Citation
Ivan D. Rukhlenko, Dayan Handapangoda, Malin Premaratne, Anatoly V. Fedorov, Alexander V. Baranov, and Chennupati Jagadish, "Spontaneous emission of guided polaritons by quantum dot coupled to metallic nanowire: Beyond the dipole approximation," Opt. Express 17, 17570-17581 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17570


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