OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 20 — Sep. 28, 2009
  • pp: 17758–17763

All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100-Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 20, pp. 17758-17763 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.017758


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (184 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present the results of an in-depth experimental investigation about all-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed (POLMUX) signal. Each polarization channel is modulated at 25 Gbaud by differential quadrature phase-shift keying (DQPSK). The conversion is realized exploiting the high nonlinear χ(2) coefficient of a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide, in a polarization-independent configuration. We find that slight non-idealities in the polarization independent setup of the wavelength converter can significantly impair the performance of POLMUX systems. We show that high-quality wavelength conversion can be nevertheless achieved for both the polarization channels, provided that an accurate optimization of the setup is performed. This is the first demonstration, to the best of our knowledge, of the possibility to obtain penalty-free all-optical wavelength conversion in a 100-Gb/s POLMUX transmission system using direct-detection.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(230.7405) Optical devices : Wavelength conversion devices

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 15, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 19, 2009
Published: September 18, 2009

Citation
P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100-Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 64–72 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Measurement of PMD tolerance in 40-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13398–13404 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13398 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Zapata-Beghelli and P. Bayvel, “Dynamic versus static wavelength routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(20), 3403–3415 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. M. P. Fok, C. Shu, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40-Gb/s polarization multiplexed RZ-ASK-DPSK signal wavelength conversion using a 32-cm bismuth-oxide highly nonlinear fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe CLEO/Europe-IQEC, paper CI4–2-Thu (2007).
  6. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, and G.-K. Chang, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4x112Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21161–21169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 392–394 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Contestabile, L. Banchi, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Transparency of FWM in SOAs to phase/amplitude and polarization,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM6 (2009).
  9. G. Contestabile, L. Banchi, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Investigation of transparency of FWM in SOA to advanced modulation formats involving intensity, phase and polarization Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  10. I. Cristiani and V. Degiorgio, “Optical frequency conversion through cascaded nonlinear processes,” Riv. Nuovo Cim. 27(12), 1–49 (2004).
  11. K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in buried waveguides formed by annealed and reverse proton exchange in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 179–181 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, “Optical signal processing and switching with second-order nonlinearities in waveguides,” IEICE Trans. Electron E 83-C, 869–874 (2000).
  13. D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Wavelength Conversion of Real-Time 100 Gb/s POLMUX RZ-DQPSK,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThS3.
  15. M. Martinelli, P. Martelli, and S. M. Pietralunga, “Polarization Stabilization in Optical Communications Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4172–4183 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Minzioni, “Nonlinearity Compensation in a Fiber Optic Link by Optical Phase Conjugation,” Taylor, Francis, Fiber Integ. Opt. 28, 179–209 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-21-8460 . [CrossRef]
  17. P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited