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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 20 — Sep. 28, 2009
  • pp: 17829–17836

Propagation of vector vortex beams through a turbulent atmosphere

Wen Cheng, Joseph W. Haus, and Qiwen Zhan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 20, pp. 17829-17836 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.017829


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Abstract

We numerically study the propagation properties of vector vortex beams through a turbulent atmosphere. The irradiance pattern, degree of polarization, and scintillation index of radially polarized beam are computed for different propagation distances in an atmosphere with weak and strong turbulences. Corresponding properties of a fundamental Gaussian beam and a scalar vortex beam with topological charge of + 1 propagating through the same atmospheric turbulence conditions are calculated for comparison. With the same initial intensity profile, the vector vortex beam shows substantially lower scintillation than the scalar vortex. The existence of the vectorial vortex can be identified with longer propagation distance than the scalar vortex even with vanishing characteristic vortex structure in the irradiance images. This indicates the potential advantages of using a vector vortex beam to mitigate atmospheric effects and enable a more robust free space communication channel with longer link distance.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication
(070.7345) Fourier optics and signal processing : Wave propagation

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 22, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 4, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 15, 2009
Published: September 21, 2009

Citation
Wen Cheng, Joseph W. Haus, and Qiwen Zhan, "Propagation of vector vortex beams through a turbulent atmosphere," Opt. Express 17, 17829-17836 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17829


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