OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 20 — Sep. 28, 2009
  • pp: 18364–18370

Deposition of carbon nanotubes around microfiber via evanascent light

Ken Kashiwagi and Shinji Yamashita  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 20, pp. 18364-18370 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (214 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Optical devices based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been realized with several fabrication methods in different structures, such as free-space, fiber-end, waveguide, and fiber structures. Most of waveguide- and fiber-type devices utilize evanescent coupling between the guided light and CNT layers, and offer very high optical damage threshold and high third-order nonlinearity. However, the conventional fabrication methods require complicated processes and waste much of CNTs. In this work, we propose and demonstrate CNT deposition around microfibers induced by injecting light through the fibers. This method can area-selectively deposit desired number of CNTs around microfibers, and can be realized by a simple process and setup. We also demonstrate a passively mode-locked fiber laser using a CNT-deposited microfiber as a passive mode-locker.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(220.4610) Optical design and fabrication : Optical fabrication
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: August 7, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 20, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 22, 2009
Published: September 25, 2009

Ken Kashiwagi and Shinji Yamashita, "Deposition of carbon nanotubes around microfiber via evanascent light," Opt. Express 17, 18364-18370 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y.-C. Chen, N. Raravikar, L. Schadler, P. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser Mode Locking Using a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 51–56 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: Applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 4A), 1621–1625 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, “Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 13(20), 8025–8031 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, Y. Nasu, H. Yaguchi, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Planar waveguide-type saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081125 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. Y.-W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(2), 148–150 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. Y.-W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021101 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, “Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2242–2244 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y.-W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021115 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Shohda, T. Shirato, M. Nakazawa, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “A passively mode-locked femtosecond soliton fiber laser at 1.5 microm with a CNT-doped polycarbonate saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21191–21198 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Kurashima, Y. Yokota, I. Miyamoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Sakakibara, “Mode-locking nanoporous alumina membrane embedded with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(22), 223102 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, H. Yaguchi, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Novel Cost Effective Carbon Nanotubes Deposition Technique Using Optical Tweezer Effect,” in Proceedings of the SPIE Vol. 6478; Photonics Packaging, Integration and Interconnects VII, A. M. Earman and R. T. Chen, eds., pp. 6478–15 (SPIE, 2007).
  13. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, “Optically manipulated deposition of carbon nanotubes onto optical fiber end,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(40), L988–L990 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, and D. J. Digiovanni, “Optically driven deposition of single-walled carbon-nanotube saturable absorbers on optical fiber end-faces,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9176–9183 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, “In-situ monitoring of optical deposition of carbon nanotubes onto fiber end,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5711–5715 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited