OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 21 — Oct. 12, 2009
  • pp: 18478–18488

Metalloporphyrin polymer with temporally agile, broadband nonlinear absorption for optical limiting in the near infrared

Joel M. Hales, Matteo Cozzuol, Thomas E. O. Screen, Harry L. Anderson, and Joseph W. Perry  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 21, pp. 18478-18488 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1186 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A lead bis(ethynyl)porphyrin polymer possesses strong nonlinear absorption with unprecedented spectral/temporal coverage as a result of broad, overlapping two-photon and excited-state absorption bands with favorable excited-state dynamics. Consequently, this material exhibits effective optical limiting over a range of about 500 nm in the near infrared (ca. 1050–1600 nm) and for laser pulsewidths spanning from 75 fs to 40 ns. Introduction of the material in a waveguide device geometry results in a strong optical limiting response.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.4340) Fourier optics and signal processing : Nonlinear optical signal processing
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: August 10, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 24, 2009
Published: September 29, 2009

Joel M. Hales, Matteo Cozzuol, Thomas E. O. Screen, Harry L. Anderson, and Joseph W. Perry, "Metalloporphyrin polymer with temporally agile, broadband nonlinear absorption for optical limiting in the near infrared," Opt. Express 17, 18478-18488 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. W. Van Stryland, H. Vanherzeele, M. A. Woodall, M. J. Soileau, A. L. Smirl, S. Guha, and T. F. Boggess, "2 photon-absorption, nonlinear refraction, and optical limiting in semiconductors," Opt. Eng. 24, 613-623 (1985).
  2. L. W. Tutt and A. Kost, "optical limiting performance of C-60 and C-70 solutions," Nature 356, 225-226 (1992). [CrossRef]
  3. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I. Y. S. Lee, X. L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C. T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, 1533-1536 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. G. S. He, L. X. Yuan, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, "Optical limiting, pulse reshaping, and stabilization with a nonlinear absorptive fiber system," Appl. Opt. 36, 3387-3392 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. R. E. Lamont, M. Rochette, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Two-photon absorption effects on self-phase-modulation-based 2R optical regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1185-1187 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. B. L. Justus, A. L. Huston, and A. J. Campillo, "Broad-band thermal optical limiter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1483-1485 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Mansour, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Vanstryland, "Nonlinear optical-properties of carbon-black suspensions (ink)," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt. Phys. 9, 1100-1109 (1992). [CrossRef]
  8. X. Sun, R. Q. Yu, G. Q. Xu, T. S. A. Hor, and W. Ji, "Broadband optical limiting with multiwalled carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3632-3634 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. P. A. Bouit, G. Wetzel, G. Berginc, B. Loiseaux, L. Toupet, P. Feneyrou, Y. Bretonniere, K. Kamada, O. Maury, and C. Andraud, "Near IR nonlinear absorbing chromophores with optical limiting properties at telecommunication wavelengths," Chem. Mater. 19, 5325-5335 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, "Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions," Adv. Mater. 21, 2430-2435 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. H. L. Anderson, S. J. Martin, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Synthesis and 3rd-order nonlinear-optical properties of a conjugated porphyrin polymer," Angew. Chem.-Int. Ed. Engl. 33, 655-657 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. F. C. Grozema, C. Houarner-Rassin, P. Prins, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and H. L. Anderson, "Supramolecular control of charge transport in molecular wires," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 13370- (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. R. G. Thorne, S. M. Kuebler, R. G. Denning, I. M. Blake, P. N. Taylor, and H. L. Anderson, "Degenerate four-wave mixing studies of butadiyne-linked conjugated porphyrin oligomers," Chem. Phys. 248, 181-193 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. M. O. Senge, M. Fazekas, E. G. A. Notaras, W. J. Blau, M. Zawadzka, O. B. Locos, and E. M. N. Mhuircheartaigh, "Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins," Adv. Mater. 19, 2737-2774 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Pawlicki, H. A. Collins, R. G. Denning, and H. L. Anderson, "Two-Photon Absorption and the Design of Two-Photon Dyes," Angew. Chem.-Int. Ed. 48, 3244-3266 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. K. S. Kim, J. M. Lim, A. Osuka, and D. Kim, "Various strategies for highly-efficient two-photon absorption in porphyrin arrays," J. Photochem. Photobiol. C-Photochem.Rev. 9, 13-28 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Drobizhev, Y. Stepanenko, A. Rebane, C. J. Wilson, T. E. O. Screen, and H. L. Anderson, "Strong cooperative enhancement of two-photon absorption in double-strand conjugated porphyrin ladder arrays," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 12432-12433 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. V. Duncan, K. Susumu, L. E. Sinks, and M. J. Therien, "Exceptional near-infrared fluorescence quantum yields and excited-state absorptivity of highly conjugated porphyrin arrays," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 9000-9001 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. K. Kuimova, M. Hoffmann, M. U. Winters, M. Eng, M. Balaz, I. P. Clark, H. A. Collins, S. M. Tavender, C. J. Wilson, B. Albinsson, H. L. Anderson, A. W. Parker, and D. Phillips, "Determination of the triplet state energies of a series of conjugated porphyrin oligomers," Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6, 675-682 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. E. O. Screen, J. R. G. Thorne, R. G. Denning, D. G. Bucknall, and H. L. Anderson, "Two methods for amplifying the optical nonlinearity of a conjugated porphyrin polymer: transmetallation and self-assembly," J. Mater. Chem. 13, 2796-2808 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, and I. Choong, "Enhanced reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting in heavy-atom-substituted phthalocyanines," Opt. Lett. 19, 625-627 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. K. J. Thorley, J. M. Hales, H. L. Anderson, and J. W. Perry, "Porphyrin dimer carbocations with strong near infrared absorption and third-order optical nonlinearity," Angew. Chem.-Int. Ed. 47, 7095-7098 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. R. L. Sutherland, M. C. Brant, J. Heinrichs, J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. G. McLean, and P. A. Fleitz, "Excited-state characterization and effective three-photon absorption model of two-photon-induced excited-state absorption in organic push-pull charge-transfer chromophores," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt. Phys. 22, 1939-1948 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. T. V. Duncan, T. Ishizuka, and M. J. Therien, "Molecular engineering of intensely near-infrared absorbing excited states in highly conjugated oligo(porphinato)zinc-(polypyridyl)metal(II) supermolecules," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 9691-9703 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. Bonneau, I. Carmichael, and G. L. Hug, "Molar Absorption-Coefficients of Transient Species in Solution," Pure Appl. Chem. 63, 290-299 (1991). [CrossRef]
  26. A. Karotki, M. Drobizhev, M. Kruk, C. Spangler, E. Nickel, N. Mamardashvili, and A. Rebane, "Enhancement of two-photon absorption in tetrapyrrolic compounds," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt. Phys. 20, 321-332 (2003). [CrossRef]
  27. I. C. Khoo, M. V. Wood, M. Lee, and B. D. Guenther, "Nonlinear liquid-crystal fiber structures for passive optical limiting of short laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 21, 1625-1627 (1996).
  28. J. J. Butler, S. R. Flom, J. S. Shirk, T. E. Taunay, B. M. Wright, and M. J. Wiggins, "Optical limiting properties of nonlinear multimode waveguide arrays," Opt. Express 17, 804-809 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. J. Butler, J. J. Wathen, S. R. Flom, R. G. S. Pong, and J. S. Shirk, "Optical limiting properties of nonlinear multimode waveguides," Opt. Lett. 28, 1689-1691 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, M. V. Wood, and P. H. Chen, "Passive optical limiting of picosecond-nanosecond laser pulses using highly nonlinear organic liquid cored fiber array," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Elec. 7, 760-768 (2001). [CrossRef]
  31. G. E. OKeefe, J. J. M. Halls, C. A. Walsh, G. J. Denton, R. H. Friend, and H. L. Anderson, "Ultrafast field-induced dissociation of excitons in a conjugated porphyrin polymer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 276, 78-83 (1997).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited