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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 21 — Oct. 12, 2009
  • pp: 18995–19005

Wavevector-resolved monochromatic spectral imaging of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength aperture arrays

Sean P. Branagan and Paul W. Bohn  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 21, pp. 18995-19005 (2009)

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A technique for wavevector-resolved spectroscopic imaging of extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) is developed and tested. The approach allows a large fraction of the first Brillouin zone to be mapped at a single wavelength, thereby greatly increasing the efficiency of sensitivity mapping experiments. An axially opposed, matched pair of microscope objectives constitutes the core of the apparatus. The condensing lens defines a broad range of wavevectors incident upon the sample, while the second objective with a higher numerical aperture collects all of the light transmitted through the sample. In this way, information related to transmission efficiency over a broad range of in-plane wavevectors is preserved at different spatial coordinates in the final image. A periodically structured gold film, consisting of a square array of cylindrical pores, measuring 90 x 90 pores, 100 nm in diameter, with a lattice constant of 1.1 μm, was chosen for detailed study. Direct imaging of the EOT efficiency simultaneously across the range 0 < kx < 0.001 nm−1, or 20% of the first Brillouin zone, was accomplished, although this was not the limit of the instrument. The experiment was repeated across 21 values of the wavelength and 7 values of the refractive index, to construct a 4-dimensional data set of transmission efficiency with respect to λ, kx, and n. This technique is compatible with any of the subwavelength aperture array-based chemical sensing methods reported in the literature, however it offers faster transduction of the full spectrum of plasmonic resonant shifts.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.7000) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Transmission
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: August 17, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 29, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 30, 2009
Published: September 6, 2009

Sean P. Branagan and Paul W. Bohn, "Wavevector-resolved monochromatic spectral imaging of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength aperture arrays," Opt. Express 17, 18995-19005 (2009)

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