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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 22 — Oct. 26, 2009
  • pp: 19424–19434

Freezing the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle light pulses about a focus

Miguel A. Porras and Péter Dombi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 22, pp. 19424-19434 (2009)

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We study the effects of dispersive media and structures on the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) shift of focused few-cycles pulses. For phase-sensitive interactions with matter requiring focusing in vacuum, the variation of the CEP through the focal region can be significantly slow down by inserting a dispersive slab of adequate thickness between the focusing system and the focus. The focal CEP shift can also be slow down in experiments requiring focusing in a dispersive medium by a suitable choice of the dispersive propagation distance up to the focus.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(350.5030) Other areas of optics : Phase

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: August 31, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 30, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: October 7, 2009
Published: October 12, 2009

Miguel A. Porras and Péter Dombi, "Freezing the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle light pulses about a focus," Opt. Express 17, 19424-19434 (2009)

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  1. A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,073902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. Lindner, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, A. Baltuska, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Gouy phase shift for few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,113001 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Tritschler, K. D. Hof, M. W. Klein, and M. Wegener, "Variation of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses owing to the Gouy phase: a solid-state-based measurement," Opt. Lett. 30,753-755 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Dombi, A. Apolonski, Ch. Lemell, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Direct measurement and analysis of the carrier-envelope phase in light pulses approaching the single-cycle regime," New J. Phys. 6,39 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. F. Krausz and M. Y. Ivanov, "Attosecond physics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81,161-234 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phasecontrolled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,147403 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. A. Roos, Q. Qraishi, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of quantum interference control of injected currents in LT-GaAs for carrier-envelope phase measurements," Opt. Express 11,2081-2090 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, F. X. Kaertner, U. Morgner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29,2160-2162 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,146801 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Dombi and P. Rácz, "Ultrafast monoenergetic electron source by optical waveform control of surface plasmons," Opt. Express 16,2887-2893 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Cavalieri, "Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter," Nature 449,1029-1032 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Faccio, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J.V. Moloney, S. Tzortzakis, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Spontaneous emergence of pulses with constant carrier-envelope phase in femtosecond filamentation," Opt. Express 16,11103 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. J. Zapata-Rodríguez, and M. A. Porras, "Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle focused laser beams with a dispersive beam expander," Opt. Express 16, 22090 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. A. Porras, "Characterization of the electric field of focused pulsed Gaussian beams for phase-sensitive interactions with matter," Opt. Lett. 34,1546-1548 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science books, Mill Valley, California 1986).
  17. M. A. Porras, "Diffraction effects in few-cycle optical pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65,026606 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Feng, and H. G. Winful, "Spatiotemporal structure of isodiffracting ultrashort electromagnetic pulses," Phys. Rev. E 61,862-873 (2000). [CrossRef]

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