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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 22 — Oct. 26, 2009
  • pp: 20502–20514

Anomalous near-perfect extraordinary optical absorption on subwavelength thin metal film grating

Lei Dai and Chun Jiang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 22, pp. 20502-20514 (2009)

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We demonstrate analytically and numerically that the anomalous extraordinary optical absorption through thin metal grating with air slit arrays can be excited simultaneously by long and short range surface plasmonic modes supported on the surfaces of thin metal film in weak coupling while this absorption can only be excited by short range surface plasmonic mode in strong coupling. In particular, we predict localized plasmonic mode inside air slits holding double-effect to generate the anomalous extraordinary optical absorption when only this mode is present and to suppress this absorption when the pathways excited by localized and surface plasmonic modes are present simultaneously. Furthermore, we present that double-layer metal grating consisting of two identical single-layer metal gratings can be exploited to enhance absorption efficiency more than 99% and 90% for excited localized plasmonic modes and surface plasmonic modes respectively.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(260.3910) Physical optics : Metal optics
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures
(010.1030) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Absorption

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: July 10, 2009
Revised Manuscript: August 1, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 2, 2009
Published: October 23, 2009

Lei Dai and Chun Jiang, "Anomalous near-perfect extraordinary optical 
absorption on subwavelength thin metal film grating," Opt. Express 17, 20502-20514 (2009)

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