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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 23 — Nov. 9, 2009
  • pp: 21066–21076

Angled sidewalls in silicon slot waveguides: conformal filling and mode properties

A. Säynätjoki, T. Alasaarela, A. Khanna, L. Karvonen, P. Stenberg, M. Kuittinen, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 23, pp. 21066-21076 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.021066


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Abstract

Effect of angled sidewalls on the filling and properties of silicon slot waveguides is discussed. We demonstrate complete filling of slot waveguide structures with oxide material systems using the atomic layer deposition technique and discuss use of various slot filling materials. Properties of the optical modes in angled-sidewall slot waveguides are studied. Enhanced vertical confinement is obtained with certain waveguide parameters. The reduced effective mode area enhances e.g. nonlinear effects in the waveguide. We discuss the use of atomic layer deposition in realization of filled slot waveguides optimized for all-optical functionalities.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 1, 2009
Published: November 4, 2009

Citation
A. Säynätjoki, T. Alasaarela, A. Khanna, L. Karvonen, P. Stenberg, M. Kuittinen, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, "Angled sidewalls in silicon slot waveguides: conformal filling and mode properties," Opt. Express 17, 21066-21076 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-23-21066


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