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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 24 — Nov. 23, 2009
  • pp: 21427–21432

Non-Gaussian modes in a HeNe laser

Jes Henningsen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 24, pp. 21427-21432 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.021427


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Abstract

Single transverse mode oscillation is realized in a conventional HeNe laser outside the stability region of the optical resonator. Depending on the mirror separation different spatial modes can be generated. The mode volume of these modes is laterally limited by the diameter of the discharge capillary rather than by the beam waist of a stable Gaussian mode. Numerical solution of the Maxwell equations with appropriate boundary conditions shows good agreement with the observations. Such modes could potentially facilitate single transverse mode operation of waveguide lasers and fiber lasers.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(140.1340) Lasers and laser optics : Atomic gas lasers
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.3570) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, single-mode

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 14, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 4, 2009
Published: November 10, 2009

Citation
Jes Henningsen, "Non-Gaussian modes in a HeNe laser," Opt. Express 17, 21427-21432 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-24-21427


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References

  1. H. Kogelnik and T. Li, “Laser Beams and Resonators,” Appl. Opt. 5(10), 1550–1567 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow Metallic and Dielectric Waveguides for Long Distance Optical Transmission and Lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964).
  3. R. Gerlach, D. Wei, and N. M. Amer, “Coupling Efficiency of Waveguide Laser Resonators Formed by Flat Mirrors: Analysis and Experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(8), 948–963 (1984). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Henningsen, M. Hammerich, and A. Olafsson, “Mode Structure of Hollow Dielectric Waveguide lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 51(4), 272–284 (1990). [CrossRef]
  5. D. A. Eastham, Atomic Physics of Lasers (Taylor & Francis, 1986).

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