OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 24 — Nov. 23, 2009
  • pp: 21488–21496

Stable UV to IR supercontinuum generation in calcium fluoride with conserved circular polarization states

Philip J. M. Johnson, Valentyn I. Prokhorenko, and R. J. Dwayne Miller  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 24, pp. 21488-21496 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (305 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The supercontinuum generated with a linearly polarized near-IR (775nm) pump in rotated calcium fluoride is shown to have intrinsic intensity and polarization modulations. To mask the rotation of the crystal plate, we circularly polarize the pump and find greatly improved output parameters for the generated white light: intensity fluctuations of 0.5% limited only by pump laser stability, and a circular polarization state—matching that of the pump—over the entire visible spectrum. This polarization conservation allows the return of the supercontinuum to a linear polarization state or to a pair of linearly polarized beams with correlated intensity fluctuations. We were also able to extend the supercontinuum source deep into the ultraviolet with a frequency doubled (387nm) pump, to serve as an new source to probe the region where most molecular photochemistry occurs.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: September 3, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 3, 2009
Published: November 10, 2009

Philip J. M. Johnson, Valentyn I. Prokhorenko, and R. J. Dwayne Miller, "Stable UV to IR supercontinuum generation in calcium fluoride with conserved circular polarization states," Opt. Express 17, 21488-21496 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, "Emission in the region of 4000 to 7000 °A via four-photon coupling in glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584-587 (1970). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Huber, H. Satzger, W. Zinth, and J. Wachtveitl, "Noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers with output parameters improved by the application of a white light continuum generated in CaF2," Opt. Commun. 194, 443-448 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Tzankov, T. Fiebig, and I. Buchvarov, "Tunable femtosecond pulses in the near-ultraviolet from ultrabroadband parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 517-519 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. P. F. Tekavec, J. A. Myers, K. L. M. Lewis, and J. P. Ogilvie, "Two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy with a continuum probe," Opt. Lett. 34, 1390-1392 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. De Boni, C. Toro, and F. E. Hern’andez, "Pump polarization-state preservation of picosecond generated whitelight supercontinuum," Opt. Express 16, 957-964 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Hundertmark, S. Rammler, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, and P. St. J. Russell, "Octave-spanning supercontinuum generated in SF6-glass PCF by a 1060 nm mode-locked fibre laser delivering 20 pJ per pulse," Opt. Express 17, 1919-1924 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Nagura, A. Suda, H. Kawano, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation and characterization of ultrafast white-light continuum in condensed media," Appl. Opt. 41, 3735-3742 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Ziolek, R. Naskrecki, and J. Karolczak, "Some temporal and spectral properties of femtosecond supercontinuum important in pump-probe spectroscopy," Opt. Commun. 241, 221-229 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, "Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 923-925 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 61-66 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. I. Buchvarov, A. Trifonov, and T. Fiebig, "Toward and understanding of white-light generation in cubic media -polarization properties across the entire spectral range," Opt. Lett. 32, 1539-1541 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals," Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337-3350 (1989). [CrossRef]
  13. V. Kartazaev and R. R. Alfano, "Polarization properties of SC generated in CaF2," Opt. Commun. 281, 463-468 (2008).
  14. A. K. Dharmadhikari, K. Alti, J. A. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, "Control of the onset of filamentation in condensed media," Phys. Rev. A 76, 033811 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. D. C. Hutchings, "Nonlinear-optical activity owing to anisotropy of ultrafast nonlinear refraction in cubic materials," Opt. Lett. 20, 1607-1609 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. I. Prokhorenko, A. M. Nagy, and R. J. Dwayne Miller, "Coherent control of the population transfer in complex solvated molecules at weak excitation. An experimental study," J. Chem. Phys. 122, 184502 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. S. S. Kumar, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. N. Rao, "Control of the polarization properties of the supercontinuum generation in a noncentrosymmetric crystal," Opt. Lett. 33, 1198-1200 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort laser pulses in optical media," Opt. Lett. 31, 2184-2186 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. C. Carroll, B. J. Pearson, A. C. Florean, P. H. Bucksbaum, and R. J. Sension, "Spectral phase effects on nonlinear resonant photochemistry of 1,3-cyclohexadiene in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 114506 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. N. Ak¨ozbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuˇska,W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Dartigalongue, C. Niezborala and F. Hache, "Subpicosecond UV spectroscopy of carbonmonoxy-myoglobin: absorption and circular dichroism studies," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 7, 1611-1615 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. U. Megerle, I. Pugliesi, C. Schriever, C. F. Sailer, and E. Riedle, "Sub-50 fs broadband absorption spectroscopy with tunable excitation: putting the analysis of ultrafast molecular dynamics on solid ground," Appl. Phys. B 96, 215-231 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Ak¨ozbek, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited