OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 24 — Nov. 23, 2009
  • pp: 22023–22030

Intense red-emitting Y4Al2O9:Eu3+phosphor with short decay time and high color purity for advanced plasma display panel

Ravishanker Yadav, Atif F. Khan, Ashish Yadav, Harish Chander, Divi Haranath, Bipin Kr. Gupta, Virendra Shanker, and Santa Chawla  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 24, pp. 22023-22030 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1004 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A new phosphor Y4Al2O9:Eu3+ (YAM:Eu3+) emitting intense monochromatic red at 612 nm under vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and ultraviolet (UV) excitations has been developed for application in next generation plasma display panels (PDPs). The developed phosphor has better luminescence efficiency, colour purity and shorter decay time than commercial (Y,Gd)BO3:Eu3+ red emitting PDP phosphor. High color purity (x = 0.67, y = 0.32) under VUV excitation with short decay time (1.03 msec) and excellent stability against degradation during PDP panel preparation suggest that YAM:Eu3+ is a potential candidate for present and future PDPs. Surface coating by SiO2 further improved phosphor characteristics.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: August 27, 2009
Revised Manuscript: October 30, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 1, 2009
Published: November 17, 2009

Ravishanker Yadav, Atif F. Khan, Ashish Yadav, Harish Chander, Divi Haranath, Bipin Kr. Gupta, Virendra Shanker, and Santa Chawla, "Intense red-emitting Y4Al2O9:Eu3+phosphor with short decay time and high color purity for advanced plasma display panel," Opt. Express 17, 22023-22030 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Z. Tian, H. Liang, H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, “Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln=Ce, Tb),” J. Solid State Chem. 179(5), 1356–1362 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. R. P. Rao and D. J. Devine, “RE-activated lanthanide phosphate phosphors for PDP applications,” J. Lumin. 87-89, 1260–1263 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. H. M. Yang, J. X. Shi, H. B. Liang, and M. L. Gong, “Novel red phosphor Mg2GeO4 doped with Eu3+ for PDP applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Eng. B 127(2-3), 276–279 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Zhang, Y. Hou, H. Fujii, T. Onishi, M. Kokubu, M. Obata, H. Tanno, T. Kono, and H. Uchiike, “ Effect of Nonstoichiometry on the Deterioration of Eu 2+ -Doped Hexagonal Aluminate Phosphor for Plasma Display Applications, ” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2A), 477–480 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Zeng, H. Tanno, K. Egoshi, N. Tanamachi, and S. Zhang, “Ba5SiO4:Eu2+: An intense blue emission phosphor under vacumm ultraviolet and near-ultraviolet excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 051906 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Bizarri and B. Moine, “On BaMgAl10O17: Eu2+ phosphor degradation mechanism: thermal treatment effects,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 199–213 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Okazaki, M. Shiiki, T. Suzuki, and K. Suzuki, “Luminescence saturation properties of PDP phosphors,” J. Lumin. 87-89, 1280–1282 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. C. R. Ronda, “Recent achievements in research on phosphors for lamps and displays,” J. Lumin. 49, 72 (1997).
  9. K. S. Sohn, S. S. Kim, and H. D. Park, “Lumnescence quenching in thermally-treated barium magnesium aluminate phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1759 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Shionoya, and W. M. Yen, eds., Phosphor Handbook, (CRC Press, NY, 1999), p. 629.
  11. B. Han, H. Liang, H. Ni, Q. Su, G. Yang, J. Shi, and G. Zhang, “Intense red light emission of Eu3+-doped LiGd(PO3)4 for mercury-free lamps and plasma display panels application,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7138–7144 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. C. Kang, Y. S. Chung, and S. B. Park, “Preparation of YAG:Europium Red Phosphors by Spray Pyrolysis Using a Filter-Expansion Aerosol Generator,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 82, 2056 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. W. Y. Ching and Y. N. Xu, “Nonscalability and nontransferbility in the eletronic properties of the Y-Al-O systems,” Phys. Rev. B 59(20), 12815 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, “Highly efficient continuous-wave 946-nm Nd:YAG laser emission under direct 885-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2677 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. C. H. Lu and R. Jagannathan, “Cerium-ion-doped yttrium aluminium garnet nanophosphors prepared through sol-gel pyrolysis for luminescent lighting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(19), 3608 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Y. Choe, D. Ravichandran, S. M. Blomquist, D. C. Morton, K. W. Kirchner, M. H. Ervin, and U. Lee, “Alkoxy sol-gel derived Y3–xAl5O12:Tbx thin films as efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(24), 3800 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. G. Xia, S. Zhou, J. Zhang, S. Wang, H. Wang, and J. Xu, “Sol–gel combustion synthesis and luminescence of Y4Al2O9:Eu3+ nanocrystal,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(37-39), 2979–2982 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Y. Wang and Y. H. Wang, “Photoluminescence of Y4Al2O9:Re (Re= Tb3+, Eu3+) under VUV excitation,” J. Alloy. Comp. 425(1-2), L5–L7 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Yamane, M. Shimada, and B. A. Hunter, “High-Temperature Neutron Diffraction Study of Y4Al2O9,” J. Solid State Chem. 141(2), 466–474 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. P. B. Wagh, A. V. Rao, and D. Haranath, “Influence of molar ratios of precursor, solvent and water on physical properties of citric acid catalyzed TEOS silica aerogels,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 53(1), 41–47 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. JCPDS card no. 22–0987.
  22. J. P. Boeuf, “Plasma display panels:physics, recent developments and key issues,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(6), R53–R79 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. K. Saito and A. J. Ikushima, “ Absorption edge in silica glass,” Phys. Rev. B 62(13), 8584–8587 (2000). [CrossRef]
  24. I. Y. Jung, Soc. Inform. Display Digest, 1325 (2007).
  25. I. Y. Jung, Y. Cho, S. G. Lee, S. H. Sohn, D. K. Kim, D. K. Lee, and Y. M. Kweon, “Optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor coated with SiO2 for a plasma display panel,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(19), 191908 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. C. W. Cho, U. Paik, D. H. Park, Y. C. Kim, and D. S. Zang, “Design of fine phosphor system for thr improvement in the luminescent properties of the phosphor layer in the plasma display panel: Theoritical and experimental analysis,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 031505 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. L. S. Wang, X. M. Liu, Z. W. Quan, D. Y. Kong, J. Yang, and J. Lin, “Luminescence properties of Y0.9−xGdxEu0.1Al3(BO3)4 (0≤x≤0.9) phosphors prepared by spray pyrolysis process,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 36–39 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. O. L. Malta, H. F. Vrito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. G. Silve, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoyltrifluoroacetonate)3 2(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Yin, W. Zhang, L. Lou, S. Xia, and J. C. Krupa, “Spectroscopic properties of Eu3+ ions in X1–Y2SiO5 at nanometric scale,” Physica B 254(1-2), 141–147 (1998). [CrossRef]
  30. D. S. Zang, J. H. Song, D. H. Park, Y. C. Kim, and D. H. Yoon, “New fast-decaying green and red phosphor for 3D application of plasma display panels,” J. Lumin. 129(9), 1088–1093 (2009). [CrossRef]
  31. J. P. Rainho, L. D. Carlos, and J. Rocha, “New phosphors based on Eu3+-doped microporous titanosilicates,” J. Lumin. 87-89, 1083–1086 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited