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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 25 — Dec. 7, 2009
  • pp: 22393–22400

Fabrication and characterization of chalcogenide glass photonic crystal waveguides

Keijiro Suzuki, Yohei Hamachi, and Toshihiko Baba  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 25, pp. 22393-22400 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.022393


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Abstract

We report on the fabrication of chalcogenide glass (Ag-As2Se3) photonic crystal waveguides and the first detailed characterization of the linear and nonlinear optical properties. The waveguides, fabricated by e-beam lithography and ICP etching exhibit typical transmission spectra of photonic crystal waveguides, and exhibit high optical nonlinearity. Nonlinear phase shift of 1.5π through self-phase modulation is observed at 0.78 W input peak power in a 400 μm long device. The effective nonlinear parameter γeff estimated from this result reaches 2.6 × 104 W−1m−1. Four-wave mixing is also observed in the waveguide, while two-photon absorption at optical communication wavelengths is sufficiently small and the corresponding figure of merit is larger than 11.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: October 2, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 13, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 14, 2009
Published: November 23, 2009

Citation
Keijiro Suzuki, Yohei Hamachi, and Toshihiko Baba, "Fabrication and characterization of chalcogenide glass photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 17, 22393-22400 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22393


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