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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 25 — Dec. 7, 2009
  • pp: 22609–22615

Second harmonic generation in gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities with ultralow continuous wave pump power

Kelley Rivoire, Ziliang Lin, Fariba Hatami, W. Ted Masselink, and Jelena Vučković  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 25, pp. 22609-22615 (2009)

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We demonstrate second harmonic generation in photonic crystal nanocavities fabricated in the semiconductor gallium phosphide. We observe second harmonic radiation at 750 nm with input powers of only nanowatts coupled to the cavity and conversion efficiency Pout/P2in,coupled=430%/W. The large electronic band gap of GaP minimizes absorption loss, allowing efficient conversion. Our results are promising for integrated, low-power light sources and on-chip reduction of input power in other nonlinear processes.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: October 26, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 18, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 19, 2009
Published: November 24, 2009

Kelley Rivoire, Ziliang Lin, Fariba Hatami, W. Ted Masselink, and Jelena Vučković, "Second harmonic generation in gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities with ultralow continuous wave pump power," Opt. Express 17, 22609-22615 (2009)

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