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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 25 — Dec. 7, 2009
  • pp: 22813–22822

Fabrication of optical waveguides by imprinting: Usage of positive tone resist as a mould for UV-curable polymer

Jussi Hiltunen, Marianne Hiltunen, Jarkko Puustinen, Jyrki Lappalainen, and Pentti Karioja  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 25, pp. 22813-22822 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.022813


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Abstract

Optical ridge type waveguides based on UV-curable polymer were fabricated by imprinting method. Positive tone resist patterned on a silicon wafer was used as a mould. The characterization of waveguides was carried out by coupling TE-polarized light from a tapered fiber into a waveguide with 30 mm length and mapping the intensity distribution with another tapered fiber at the output facet of a waveguide. Proper single- or multimode operation was observed depending on the waveguide width being either 2 µm or 6 µm. Experimental observations on the mode profiles were also supported by the simulation results. Average power transmissions of 32% at 1530 nm wavelength and 45% at 1310 nm wavelength were characterized. The results suggest that the simple mould fabrication process might be a useful technique for device prototyping and that the performance of replicated waveguides can meet the requirements for certain applications.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(350.3850) Other areas of optics : Materials processing
(130.5460) Integrated optics : Polymer waveguides

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 24, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 12, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 12, 2009
Published: November 30, 2009

Citation
Jussi Hiltunen, Marianne Hiltunen, Jarkko Puustinen, Jyrki Lappalainen, and Pentti Karioja, "Fabrication of optical waveguides by imprinting: Usage of positive tone resist as a mould for UV-curable polymer," Opt. Express 17, 22813-22822 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22813


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