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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 25 — Dec. 7, 2009
  • pp: 23078–23084

Linear and nonlinear discrete light propagation in weakly modulated large-area two-dimensional photonic lattice slab in LiNbO3:Fe crystal

Xinyuan Qi, Guoquan Zhang, Ningning Xu, Yiling Qi, Bin Han, Fu Yulan, Changsha Duan, and Jingjun Xu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 25, pp. 23078-23084 (2009)

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A weakly modulated large-area two-dimensional square photonic lattice slab was fabricated through optical induction technique in a photorefractive photovoltaic LiNbO3:Fe crystal. Bragg-matched diffraction technique was used to characterize the square photonic lattice slab. Interestingly, linear discrete diffraction typical for waveguide arrays was observed in such a square photonic lattice slab, indicating that the lattice slab can be viewed effectively as a one-dimensional waveguide array. Furthermore, discrete soliton was demonstrated in the photonic lattice slab due to a saturable self-defocusing nonlinearity arising from the bulk photorefractive photovoltaic effect of LiNbO3:Fe.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: September 22, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 19, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 19, 2009
Published: December 2, 2009

Xinyuan Qi, Guoquan Zhang, Ningning Xu, Yiling Qi, Bin Han, Yulan Fu, Changsha Duan, and Jingjun Xu, "Linear and nonlinear discrete light propagation in weakly modulated large-area two-dimensional photonic lattice slab in LiNbO3:Fe crystal," Opt. Express 17, 23078-23084 (2009)

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