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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 26 — Dec. 21, 2009
  • pp: 23459–23467

Optical bistable devices based on guided-mode resonance in slab waveguide gratings

Quang Minh Ngo, Sangin Kim, Seok Ho Song, and Robert Magnusson  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 26, pp. 23459-23467 (2009)

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We investigate properties of nonlinear resonant gratings with emphasis on optical bistability. Slab waveguide gratings with various quality factors are designed and their characteristics analyzed with a finite-difference time-domain method. Considerable field enhancements are observed in the gratings and the performance compares favorably with metallic bistable devices. Bistabilitiy based on coupled gratings is also treated. Mechanically controllable switching intensity realized by varying a gap distance between two gratings is demonstrated. Resonant nonlinear elements in this work may find applications in all-optical information processing and optical switching, and our investigation on the dependence of the normalized switching intensity and the response time on quality factor will provide a general guide line for grating-based bistable device design.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(130.1750) Integrated optics : Components
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(310.2790) Thin films : Guided waves

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: October 27, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 1, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: December 4, 2009
Published: December 7, 2009

Quang Minh Ngo, Sangin Kim, Seok Ho Song, and Robert Magnusson, "Optical bistable devices based on guided-mode resonance in slab waveguide gratings," Opt. Express 17, 23459-23467 (2009)

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