OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 3 — Feb. 2, 2009
  • pp: 1880–1884

Astrophotonics: a new era for astronomical instruments

Joss Bland-Hawthorn and Pierre Kern  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 3, pp. 1880-1884 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (79 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Astrophotonics lies at the interface of astronomy and photonics. This burgeoning field has emerged over the past decade in response to the increasing demands of astronomical instrumentation. Early successes include: (i) planar waveguides to combine signals from widely spaced telescopes in stellar interferometry; (ii) frequency combs for ultra-high precision spectroscopy to detect planets around nearby stars; (iii) ultra-broadband fibre Bragg gratings to suppress unwanted background; (iv) photonic lanterns that allow single-mode behaviour within a multimode fibre; (v) planar waveguides to miniaturize astronomical spectrographs; (vi) large mode area fibres to generate artificial stars in the upper atmosphere for adaptive optics correction; (vii) liquid crystal polymers in optical vortex coronographs and adaptive optics systems. Astrophotonics, a field that has already created new photonic capabilities, is now extending its reach down to the Rayleigh scattering limit at ultraviolet wavelengths, and out to mid infrared wavelengths beyond 2500nm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.3110) General : Instruments, apparatus, and components common to the sciences
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode

Original Manuscript: January 30, 2009
Published: January 30, 2009

Virtual Issues
Focus Issue: Astrophotonics (2009) Optics Express

Joss Bland-Hawthorn and Pierre Kern, "Astrophotonics: a new era for astronomical instruments," Opt. Express 17, 1880-1884 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005) [CrossRef]
  2. C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Froehly, "Coherence and interferometry through optical fibers," ESO proceedings: Scientific importance of high angular resolution at infrared and optical wavelengths, eds. Ulrich and Kjär, pp. 285-293 (1981)
  4. G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005) [CrossRef]
  6. B. Mennesson, M. Ollivier, C. Ruilier, "Use of single-mode waveguides to correct the optical defects of a nulling interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 596-602 (2002) [CrossRef]
  7. Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)
  8. Q2. J. Bland-Hawthorn, A.J. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," SPIE 6269, 21-34 (2006)
  9. Q3. S.C. Barden, W.L. Ramsey, R.J. Truax, "Evaluation of some fibre optical waveguides for astronomy," PASP 93, 154-162 (1981) [CrossRef]
  10. J. Bland-Hawthorn, M.A. Englund & G. Edvell, "New approach to atmospheric OH suppression using an aperiodic FBG," Opt. Express 12, 5902-5909 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S.G. Leon-Saval, T.A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J., M.A. Englund, "Multimode fibre devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 19, 2545-2547 (2005) [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited