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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 4 — Feb. 16, 2009
  • pp: 2095–2110

Solid-state single photon sources: the nanowire antenna

I. Friedler, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, J. Claudon, and J. M. Gérard  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp. 2095-2110 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.002095


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Abstract

We design several single-photon-sources based on the emission of a quantum dot embedded in a semiconductor (GaAs) nanowire. Through various taper designs, we engineer the nanowire ends to realize efficient metallic-dielectric mirrors and to reduce the divergence of the far-field radiation diagram. Using fully-vectorial calculations and a comprehensive Fabry-Perot model, we show that various realistic nanowire geometries may act as nanoantennas (volume of ≈0.05 λ3) that assist funnelling the emitted photons into a single monomode channel. Typically, very high extraction efficiencies above 90% are predicted for a collection optics with a numerical aperture NA=0.85. In addition, since no frequency-selective effect is used in our design, this large efficiency is achieved over a remarkably broad spectral range, Δλ=70 nm at λ=950 nm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(250.7270) Optoelectronics : Vertical emitting lasers
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures
(250.5590) Optoelectronics : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices

ToC Category:
Optoelectronics

History
Original Manuscript: October 16, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 28, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 28, 2009
Published: February 2, 2009

Citation
I. Friedler, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, J. Claudon, and J. M. Gérard, "Solid-state single photon sources: the nanowire antenna," Opt. Express 17, 2095-2110 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2095


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