OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 4 — Feb. 16, 2009
  • pp: 2481–2486

Strain and temperature sensitivities of an elliptical hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber based on Sagnac interferometer

Gilhwan Kim, Taiyong Cho, Kyujin Hwang, Kwanil Lee, Kyung S. Lee, Young-Geun Han, and Sang Bae Lee  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp. 2481-2486 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.002481


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (195 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We fabricated an elliptical hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber (EC-PBGF) by controlling lateral tension in the hollow core region during the fiber drawing process. The absolute value of group modal birefringence becomes relatively high near the bandgap boundaries. We also experimentally measured the strain and temperature sensitivities of the fabricated EC-PBGF-based Sagnac loop interferometer. The strain and temperature sensitivities were very much dependent upon the wavelength. Moreover this PBGF-based interferometer can be a good sensor of physical parameters such as strain and temperature.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties
(120.5790) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Sagnac effect

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

History
Original Manuscript: December 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 30, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 30, 2009
Published: February 5, 2009

Citation
Gilhwan Kim, Taiyong Cho, Kyujin Hwang, Kwanil Lee, Kyung S. Lee, Young-Geun Han, and Sang Bae Lee, "Strain and temperature sensitivities of an elliptical hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber based on Sagnac interferometer," Opt. Express 17, 2481-2486 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2481


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, "Full 2-D photonic bandgaps in silica/air structures," Electron. Lett. 31, 1941-1943 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, " Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 14. 1291-1293 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. X. Chen, Ming-Jun. Li, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, W. A. Wood, A. M. Crowley, J. P. Carberry, L. A. Zenteno, and K.W. Koch, "Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 30, 3888-3893 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-16-3888.
  6. M. S. Alam, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "High group birefringence in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett 30, 824-826 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-30-8-824. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Poletti, N.G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and T. Monro, "The effect of core asymmetries on the polarization properties of hollow core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 9115-9124 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-22-9115. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. M. Bird, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. St. J. Russell, "Design of low-loss and highly birefringent hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 14, 7329-7341 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-16-7329. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J.C. Knight, P.St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers at 850nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-14-1613. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Wegmuller, M. Legre, N. Gisin, T. P. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, "Experimental investigation of the polarization properties of a hollow core photonic bandgap fiber for 1550nm," Opt Express 13, 1457-1467 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-5-1457. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic bandgap hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. B. J. Mangan, J. K. Lyngso, and P. J. Roberts, "Realization of low loss and polarization maintaining hollow core photonic crystal fibers", in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JFG4, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=QELS-2008-JFG4.
  13. T. Y. Cho, G. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, and J. -M. Jeong, "Study on the fabrication process of polarization maintaining photonic crystal fibers and their optical properties," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 19-24 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Kim, T. Cho, K. Hwang, K. Lee, K. S. Lee, and S. B. Lee, "Control of hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber ellipticity by induced lateral tension," Opt. Express 17, 1268-1273 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-3-1268. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. A. West, C. M. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, "Surface modes in air-core photonic band-gap fibers," Opt Express 12, 1485-1496 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-8-1485. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Realizing low loss air core photonic crystal fibers by exploiting an anti-resonant core surround," Opt Express 13, 8277-8285 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-8277. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Amezcua-Correa, F. Gerome, S. G. Leon-Saval, N. G. R. Broderick, T. A. Birks, and J. C. Knight "Control of surface modes in low loss hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt Express 16, 1142-1149 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1142. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D.-H. Kim and J. U. Kang, "Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity," Opt. Express 12, 4490-4495 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4490. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, "Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 325 - 331 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited