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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 4 — Feb. 16, 2009
  • pp: 2739–2755

Properties of optical breakdown in BK7 glass induced by an extended-cavity femtosecond laser oscillator

Binh T. Do, Mark C. Phillips, Paul A. Miller, Mark W. Kimmel, Justin Britsch, and Seong-Ho Cho  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp. 2739-2755 (2009)

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Using an extended-cavity femtosecond oscillator, we investigated optical breakdown in BK7 glass caused by the accumulated action of many laser pulses. By using a pump-probe experiment and collecting the transmitted pump along with the reflected pump and the broadband light generated by the optical breakdown, we measured the build-up time to optical breakdown as a function of the pulse energy, and we also observed the instability of the plasma due to the effect of defocusing and shielding created by the electron gas. The spectrum of the broadband light emitted by the optical breakdown and the origin of the material modification in BK7 glass was studied. We developed a simple model of electromagnetic wave propagation in plasma that is consistent with the observed behavior of the reflection, absorption, and transmission of the laser light.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(270.4180) Quantum optics : Multiphoton processes

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: November 3, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 12, 2009
Published: February 10, 2009

Binh T. Do, Mark C. Phillips, Paul A. Miller, Mark W. Kimmel, Justin Britsch, and Seong-Ho Cho, "Properties of optical breakdown in BK7 glass induced by an extended-cavity femtosecond laser oscillator," Opt. Express 17, 2739-2755 (2009)

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