OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 5 — Mar. 2, 2009
  • pp: 3630–3639

Above-millijoule super-continuum generation using polarisation dependent filamentation in atoms and molecules

Oscar Varela, Amelle Zaïr, Julio San Román, Benjamin Alonso, Iñigo Juan Sola, Camilo Prieto, and Luis Roso  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 3630-3639 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (251 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate for the first time that input polarisation control inducing one single filamentation is a very robust technique to accurately control the filamentation dynamics enhancing throughput energy of the supercontinuum generation up to 1.2 millijoule. Reaching the above-millijoule regime opens the way to post-compression of multi-terawatt laser pulses.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: December 12, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 19, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 21, 2009
Published: February 24, 2009

Oscar Varela, Amelle Zaïr, Julio San Román, Benjamín Alonso, Iñigo Juan Sola, Camilo Prieto, and Luis Roso, "Above-millijoule super-continuum generation using polarisation dependent filamentation in atoms and molecules," Opt. Express 17, 3630-3639 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond X-ray science," Rep. Prog. Phy. 69, 443-505 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. A. S. Morlens, J. Gautier, G. Rey, P. Zeitoun, J. P. Caumes, M. Kos-Rosset, H. Merdji, S. Kazamias, K. Casson, and M. Fajardo, "Submicrometer digital in-line holographic microscopy at 32 nm with high-order harmonics," Opt. Lett.,  31, 21, 3095-3097 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Goulielmakis, S. Koehler, B. Reiter, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, and R. Krausz, "Ultrabroadband, coherent light source based on self-channeling of few-cycle pulses in helium," Opt. Lett. 33, 13, 1407-1409 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, "The physics of attosecond light pulses," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Nisoli, S. DeSilvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006) [CrossRef]
  16. A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Zaır, A. Guandalini, Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Optics Express 15, 9, 5394-5404 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 8, 1611-1613 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).
  24. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792794 (1998). [CrossRef]
  26. P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988). [CrossRef]
  27. S. Petit, A. Talebpour, A. Proulx, and S. L. Chin, "Polarization dependence of the propagation of intense laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 175, 4-6, 323-327 (2000). [CrossRef]
  28. N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, " White light continuum generation and filamentation during the propagation of ultra-short laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001). [CrossRef]
  29. H. Schroeder, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, " Self-steepening is an abrupt process," Opt. Commun. 266, 1, 302-306 (2006). [CrossRef]
  30. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in an electromagnetic field," Sovietic Physics: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 64, 1191 (1986).
  31. M. Kolesik, J.V. Moloney and E.M. Wright, "Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Phys. Rev. E 64046607(2001) [CrossRef]
  32. G. Fibich and B. Ilan, "Multiple Filamentation of Circularly Polarized Beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (1), 1-4, 013901(2002). [CrossRef]
  33. G. Fibich and B. Ilan,"Self-focusing of circularly polarized beams," Phys. Rev. E 67 (3), 1-15,036622 (2003). [CrossRef]
  34. A. Trisorio, A and CP. Hauri, "Control and characterization of multiple circularly polarized femtosecond filaments in argon," Opt. Lett. 32, 1650-1652 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Polarization and energy stability of filamentation-generated few-cycle pulses," Optics Express 16, 7083-7090 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. S. N. Vlasov, V. A. Gaponov, I. V. Eremina and L. V. Piskunova, " Self-focusing of wave beams with elliptical polarization," Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 21, 4, 358-362 (1978). [CrossRef]
  37. V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006). [CrossRef]
  38. X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao,and C. D. Lin, "Theory of molecular tunneling ionization," Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002). [CrossRef]
  39. the filament visible length corresponds to an effective length defined as a series of focusing-defocusing cycles. A proper filament length estimation require terahertz measurement.
  40. G. Fibich and N. Gavish, "Critical power of collapsing vortices," Phys. Rev. A 77, 045803 (2008). [CrossRef]
  41. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (3rd ed.). San Diego: Academic Press, 2001.
  42. A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited