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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 5 — Mar. 2, 2009
  • pp: 3640–3650

Array-based optical nanolithography using optically trapped microlenses

Euan McLeod and Craig B. Arnold  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 3640-3650 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.003640


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Abstract

Current demands on optical nanolithography require the ability to rapidly and cost-effectively write arbitrary patterns over large areas with sub-diffraction limit feature sizes. The challenge in accomplishing this with arrays of near-field probes is maintaining equal separations between the substrate and each probe, even over non-planar substrates. Here we demonstrate array-based laser nanolithography where each probe is a microsphere capable of fabricating 100 nm structures using 355 nm light when self-positioned near a surface by Bessel beam optical trapping. We achieve both a feature size uniformity and relative positioning accuracy better than 15 nm, which agrees well with our model. Further improvements are possible using higher power and/or narrower Bessel beam optical traps.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing
(110.4235) Imaging systems : Nanolithography
(350.4855) Other areas of optics : Optical tweezers or optical manipulation

ToC Category:
Optical Trapping and Manipulation

History
Original Manuscript: January 2, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 16, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 20, 2009
Published: February 24, 2009

Citation
Euan McLeod and Craig B. Arnold, "Array-based optical nanolithography using optically trapped microlenses," Opt. Express 17, 3640-3650 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-5-3640


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