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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 6 — Mar. 16, 2009
  • pp: 4677–4684

Estimation of space-borne lidar return from natural waters: A passive approach

Howard R. Gordon  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 6, pp. 4677-4684 (2009)

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A method, based on the reciprocity principle of radiative transfer, for using routinely collected field measurements of apparent optical properties in a water body to estimate the total return (time integrated) to an airborne or space borne lidar is presented. It will allow prediction of lidar returns using the databases of apparent optical properties assembled in support of ocean color remote sensing.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(010.5620) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Radiative transfer

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: January 28, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 4, 2009
Published: March 9, 2009

Howard R. Gordon, "Estimation of space-borne lidar return from natural waters: A passive approach," Opt. Express 17, 4677-4684 (2009)

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  1. C. D. Mobley, B. Gentili, H. R. Gordon, Z. Jin, G. W. Kattawar, A. Morel, P. Reinersman, K. Stamnes, and R. H. Stavn, "Comparison of Numerical Models for Computing Underwater Light Fields," Appl. Opt.,  32, 7484-7504 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. C. D. Mobley, Light and Water, (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1994) pp. 592.
  3. J. R. V. Zaneveld, E. Boss, and M. Behrenfeld, "LIDAR photon return calculation in a homogeneous optical medium," (Unpublished Report)
  4. K. M. Case, "Transfer Problems and the Reciprocity Principle," Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 651-663 (1957). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Yang and H. R. Gordon, "Remote sensing of ocean color: Assessment of the water-leaving radiance bidirectional effects on the atmospheric diffuse transmittance," Appl. Opt. 36, 7887-7897 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. H. R. Gordon, "Interpretation of airborne oceanic lidar: effects of multiple scattering," Appl. Opt. 212996-3001 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. In Ref. [6], E (energy) is replaced by P (power), and ENInc is replaced by P0, the laser power; however, that was incorrect because the laser power was taken as P(t) = P0δ(t−t0) rather than the correct P(t) = E0δ(t−t0) so ∫P(t) dt = E0, not P0. In the Monte Carlo simulations that were carried out in [6], detected photon numbers were placed in time bins. Photon numbers correspond to energy not power.
  8. H. R. Gordon, "Can the Lambert-Beer Law Be Applied to the Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient of Ocean Water?," Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1389-1409 (1989). [CrossRef]
  9. D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, Validation of Atmospheric Correction over the Oceans, J. Geophys. Res. 102D, 17209-17217 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. Scott McLean (Personal commun.)
  11. H. R. Gordon, "Contribution of Raman scattering to water-leaving radiance: A reexamination," Appl. Opt,  38, 3166-3174 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. T. J. Petzold, "Volume scattering functions for selected ocean waters," SIO Ref. 72-78. (1972).
  13. http://seabass.gsfc.nasa.gov

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