OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 7 — Mar. 30, 2009
  • pp: 5905–5911

Supercontinuum generation with a chirped-pulse oscillator

A. Fuerbach, C. Miese, W. Koehler, and M. Geissler  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 7, pp. 5905-5911 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1326 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate the generation of a high power ultrabroadband supercontinuum by coupling the uncompressed pulses from a Ti:Sapphire Chirped-pulse oscillator into a photonic crystal fibre that exhibits a highly anomalous dispersion at the centre wavelength of the laser. Our simulations show that the pulses first undergo quasi-linear compression before the actual supercontinuum is generated by soliton fission dynamics. This two-step process results in an optical spectrum that is remarkably independent on the input pulse energy. Moreover, the reduced peak intensity at the input facet of the fibre mitigates damage problems and allows the generation of high power white-light radiation.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: February 5, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 24, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 25, 2009
Published: March 27, 2009

A. Fuerbach, C. Miese, W. Koehler, and M. Geissler, "Supercontinuum generation with a chirped-pulse oscillator," Opt. Express 17, 5905-5911 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Fernandez, T. Fuji, A. Poppe, A. Fuerbach, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Chirped-pulse oscillators: a route to high-power femtosecond pulses without external amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1366 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picque, and I. T. Sorokina, "Cr:YAG chirped-pulse oscillator," New J. Phys. 10, 083022 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. D. Herriott, H. Kogelnik, and R. Kompfner, "Off-axis paths in spherical mirror interferometers," Appl. Opt. 3, 523 (1964). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Fuerbach, M. Lenner, and M. Withford, "Photonic band gap fibre compressed chirped-pulse oscillator," New J. Phys. 9, 248 (2007) [CrossRef]
  5. R. R Alfano, The Supercontinuum Laser Source, 2nd ed. (Springer 2006). [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Dombi, P. Antal, J. Fekete, R. Szipoecs, and Z. Varallyay, "Chirped-pulse supercontinuum generation with a long-cavity Ti:sapphire oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 88, 379 (2007) [CrossRef]
  10. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment," New J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2322 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Zhu and T. Brown, "Effect of frequency chirping on supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 689-694 (2004). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-689 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Spectral shaping of supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. Q1. X. Fu, L. Qian, S. Wen, and D. Fan, "Nonlinear chirped pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in microstructured optical fibre," J. Opt. A 6, 1012 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Tianprateep, J. Tada, and F. Kannari, "Influence of Polarization and Pulse Shape of Femtosecond Initial Laser Pulses on Spectral Broadening in Microstructure Fibers," Opt. Rev. 12, 179 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. B. Schenkel, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, ""Pulse compression with supercontinuum generation in microstructure fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 687-693 (2005) [CrossRef]
  18. M. Lenzner, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Damage of Dielectrics," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 13, 1559 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergmann, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, "Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 1191 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. Q2. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres," Nat. Photonics 1, 653 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. QE-23, 510 (1987).
  22. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed., (Academic Press, San Diego 1995).
  23. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher-order solitons in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2171 (2002). [CrossRef]
  24. I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibres," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-1-124 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, "Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 659 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited