OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 8 — Apr. 13, 2009
  • pp: 6727–6740

A versatile waveguide source of photon pairs for chip-scale quantum information processing

Jun Chen, Aaron J. Pearlman, Alexander Ling, Jingyun Fan, and Alan L. Migdall  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 8, pp. 6727-6740 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.006727


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (736 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a bright, bandwidth-tunable, quasi-phase-matched single-waveguide source generating photon pairs near 900 nm and 1300 nm. Two-photon coincidence spectra are measured at a range of operating temperatures of a periodically-poled KTiOPO4 (PPKTP) waveguide, which supports both type-0 and type-II spontaneous parametric down-conversion. We map out relative contributions of two-photon to one-photon fluorescence for a range of operating parameters. Such a versatile device is highly promising for future chip-scale quantum information processing.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 11, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 20, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 21, 2009
Published: April 8, 2009

Citation
Jun Chen, Aaron J. Pearlman, Alexander Ling, Jingyun Fan, and Alan L. Migdall, "A versatile waveguide source of photon pairs for chip-scale quantum information processing," Opt. Express 17, 6727-6740 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-8-6727


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type-II Parametric Down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3893-3897 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop," Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
  4. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-Fiber Source of Polarization-Entangled Photons in the 1550 nm Telecom Band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A. 66, 053805 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Efficient Conditional Preparation of High-Fidelity Single Photon States for Fiber-Optic Quantum Networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Knill, R. LaFlamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for effcient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Banaszek, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A.Walmsley, "Generation of correlated photons in controlled spatial modes by downconversion in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Lett. 26, 1367-1369 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, "New High-Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620-5623 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Fiorentino, S. M. Spillane, R. G. Beausoleil, T. D. Roberts, P. Battle, and M. W. Munro, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in periodically poled KTP waveguides and bulk crystals," Opt. Express 15, 7479-7488 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. Q. Zhang, X. Xie, H. Takesue, S.W. Nam, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, "Correlated photon-pair generation in reverse-proton-exchange PPLN waveguides with integrated mode demultiplexer at 10 GHz clock," Opt. Express 15, 10288-10293 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, "Distribution of Fiber-Generated Polarization Entangled Photon-Pairs over 100 km of Standard Fiber in OC-192WDMEnvironment," postdeadline paper presented at OFC 2006, paper PDP35.
  15. S. Sauge, M. Swillo, S. Albert-Seifried, G. B. Xavier, J. Waldeback, M. Tengner, D. Ljunggren, and A. Karlsson, "Narrowband polarization-entangled photon pairs distributed over aWDMlink for qubit networks," Opt. Express 15, 6926-6933 (2007).
  16. W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral information and distinguishability in type-II down-conversion with a broadband pump," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627-1634 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Kim and W. P. Grice, "Measurement of the spectral properties of the two-photon state generated via type II spontaneous parametric downconversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 908-910 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Ling, P. Y. Han, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Preparation of Bell States with controlled white noise," Laser Phys. 16, 1140-1144 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992). [CrossRef]
  21. J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, "Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622-633 (1989). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, "Progress in silicon single-photon avalanche diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 852-862 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. K. M. Rosfjord, J. K.W. Yang, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, V. Anant, B. M. Voronov, G. N. Gol’tsman, and K. K. Berggren, "Nanowire single-photon detector with an integrated optical cavity and anti-reflection coating," Opt. Express 14, 527-534 (2006). [CrossRef]
  24. A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Counting near-infrared single-photons with 95% efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 3032-3040 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. J. Chen, K. F. Lee, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, "Fiber-based telecom-band degenerate-frequency source of entangled photon pairs," Opt. Lett. 31, 2798-2800 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, "Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1530-1532 (2005). [CrossRef]
  27. K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, "Generation of high-purity telecom-band entangled photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 1905-1907 (2006). [CrossRef]
  28. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "1.5- ?m band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7832-7839 (2005). [CrossRef]
  29. S. D. Dyer,M. J. Stevens, B. Baek, and S.W. Nam, "High-efficiency, ultra low-noise all-fiber photon-pair source," Opt. Express 16, 9966-9977 (2008). [CrossRef]
  30. J. Chen, "Development and Applications of Fiber-based Entanglement Sources", Ph.D. thesis, Northwestern University (2007), http://terpconnect.umd.edu/˜junchen/files/dissertation.pdf.
  31. J. Chen, X. Li, and P. Kumar, "Two-photon-state generation via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033801 (2005). [CrossRef]
  32. D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970). [CrossRef]
  33. We note that another method for measuring joint spectrum is given by W. Wasilewskiet al., "Joint spectrum of photon pairs measured by coincidence Fourier spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 1130-1132 (2006). [CrossRef]
  34. C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, "Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304-5307 (2000). [CrossRef]
  35. A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, "Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion," Laser Phys. 15, 146-161 (2005).
  36. A. Ekert and P. L. Knight, "Entangled quantum systems and the Schmidt decomposition," Am. J. Phys. 63, 415-423 (1995). [CrossRef]
  37. A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Photon engineering for quantum information processing," Quant. Inf. Comp. 3, 480-502 (2003).
  38. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, "Measurement of co- and cross-polarized Raman spectra in silica fiber for small detunings," Opt. Express 13, 2236-2244 (2005). [CrossRef]
  39. J. Fan and A. Migdall, "A broadband high spectral brightness fiber-based two-photon source," Opt. Express 15, 2915-2920 (2007). [CrossRef]
  40. D. N. Klyshko, "Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112-1117 (1980). [CrossRef]
  41. A. Fedrizzi, T. Herbst, A. Poppe, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, "A wavelength-tunable fiber-coupled source of narrowband entangled photons," Opt. Express 15, 15377-15386 (2007). [CrossRef]
  42. S. Sauge, M. Swillo, M. Tengner, and A. Karlsson, "A single-crystal source of path-polarization entangled photons at non-degenerate wavelengths," Opt. Express 16, 9701-9707 (2008). [CrossRef]
  43. T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987). [CrossRef]
  44. B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited