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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 9 — Apr. 27, 2009
  • pp: 6996–7003

Reduction of double Rayleigh scattering noise in distributed Raman amplifiers employing higher-order pumping

Gabriele Bolognini and Alberto Bononi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 9, pp. 6996-7003 (2009)

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We present a theoretical study of the performance of distributed Raman amplifiers with higher order pumping schemes, focusing in particular on double Rayleigh scattering (DRS) noise. Results show an unexpected significant DRS noise reduction for pumping order higher than third, allowing for an overall performance improvement of carefully designed distributed amplifiers, ensuring a large optical signal-to-noise ratio improvement together with reduced DRS-induced penalties.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: February 2, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 30, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 30, 2009
Published: April 13, 2009

Gabriele Bolognini and Alberto Bononi, "Reduction of double Rayleigh scattering noise in distributed Raman amplifiers employing higher-order pumping," Opt. Express 17, 6996-7003 (2009)

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  1. M. Scheiders, S. Vorbeck, R. Leppla, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. B. Papernyi, and K. Sanapi, "Field transmission of 8x170 Gb/s over high-loss SSMF link using third-order distributed Raman amplification," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 175-182 (2006). [CrossRef]
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