OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 9 — Apr. 27, 2009
  • pp: 7540–7548

Fiber Bragg gratings inscribed using 800nm femtosecond laser and a phase mask in single-and multi-core mid-IR glass fibers

Rui Suo, Joris Lousteau, Hongxia Li, Xin Jiang, Kaiming Zhou, Lin Zhang, William N MacPherson, Henry T Bookey, James S Barton, Ajoy K Kar, Animesh Jha, and Ian Bennion  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 9, pp. 7540-7548 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (866 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



For the first time, Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) structures have been inscribed in single-core passive germanate and three-core passive and active tellurite glass fibers using 800nm femtosecond (fs) laser and phase mask technique. With fs peak power intensity in the order of 1011W/cm2, the FBG spectra with 2nd and 3rd order resonances at 1540 and 1033nm in the germanate glass fiber and 2nd order resonances at ~1694 and ~1677nm with strengths up to 14dB in all three cores in the tellurite fiber were observed. Thermal responsivities of the FBGs made in these mid-IR glass fibers were characterized, showing average temperature responsivity ~20pm/°C. Strain responsivities of the FBGs in germanate glass fiber were measured to be 1.219pm/με.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.7140) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in fibers
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: March 11, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 9, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 15, 2009
Published: April 22, 2009

Rui Suo, Joris Lousteau, Hongxia Li, Xin Jiang, Kaiming Zhou, Lin Zhang, William N. MacPherson, Henry T. Bookey, James S. Barton, Ajoy K. Kar, Animesh Jha, and Ian Bennion, "Fiber Bragg gratings inscribed using 800nm femtosecond laser and a phase mask in singleand multi-core mid-IR glass fibers," Opt. Express 17, 7540-7548 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, "Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1391-1395 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Uemura, K. Nishida, M. Sakakida, K. Ichinose, S. Shimoda, and M. Shichiri, "Non-invasive blood glucose measurement by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis through the mucous membrane of the lip: application of a chalcogenide optical fiber system," Frontiers Med. Biol. Eng. 9, 137-153 (1999).
  3. J. Mulrooney, J. Clifford, C. Fitzpatrick, and E. Lewis, "Detection of carbon dioxide emissions from a diesel engine using a mid-infrared optical fibre based sensor," Sens. Actuators A: Physical. 136, 104-110 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, "Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observaton of multiphoton absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939-1941(2001). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, and M. Shimizu, "Ultra-wide-band tellurite-based fiber Raman amplifier." J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1300-1306 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Céreyon, B. Champagnon, V. Martinez, L. Maksimov, O. Yanush, and V. N. Bogdanov, "xPbO-(1-x)GeO2 glasses as potential materials for Raman amplification," Opt. Mater. 28, 1301-1304 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Silva-López, W. N. MacPherson, C. Li, A. J. Moore, J. S. Barton, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Transverse load and orientation measurement with multicore fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Opt. 44, 6890-6897 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, J. D. C. Jones, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Two-axis bend measurement with Bragg gratings in multicore optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 387-389 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirmacher, and Th. Pertsch, "The multicore fiber - a novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. X. Jiang, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, "Raw materials purification for the development of high performance infrared transmitting germanate glass fibre," Glass Technology: The European J. Glass Science Tech.,Part Ain press (2008)
  11. J. Lousteau, H. Bookey, X. Jiang, C. Hill, A. Kar, and A. Jha, "Fabrication of multicore tellurite glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Rome, 504-509, (2007).
  12. H. T. Bookey, J. Lousteau, A. Jha, N. Gayraud, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, H. Li, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and A. K. Kar, "Multiple rare earth emissions in a multicore tellurite fiber with a single pump wavelength," Opt. Express. 15, 17554-17561 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. Ding, and J. Unruh, "Bragg gratings written in all-SiO2 and Ge-doped core fibers with 800-nm femtosecond radiation and a phase mask," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 94-100 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, H. Ding, and X. Dai, "Multiple-beam interference patterns in optical fiber generated with ultrafast pulses and a phase mask," Opt. Lett. 29, 1458-1460 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, and S. J. Mihailov, "Generation of pure two-beam interference grating structures in an optical fiber with a femtosecond infrared source and a phase mask," Opt. Lett. 29, 1730-1732 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. Grobnic, "Rouard’s method modeling of type I-IR fiber Bragg gratings made using an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 23, 2011-2017 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. Grobnic, "Impact of index change saturation on the growth behavior of higher-order type I ultrafast induced fiber Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 25, 877-883 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. Grobnic, "Formation of Type I-IR and Type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask", Opt. Express. 13, 5377-5386 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. M. Dragomir, C. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, A. J. Stevenson, S. F. Collins, G. W. Baxter, P. M. Farrell, and A. Roberts, "Nondestructive imaging of a type I optical fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 28, 789-791 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. X. Shu, K. Sugden, D. Zhao, F. Floreani, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Complex growth behaviour of hybrid-type fibre Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 39, 274-276 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. S. S. Bayya, G. D. Chin, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, "Germanate glass as a window for high energy laser systems," Opt. Express 14, 11687-11693 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. Li, J. Lousteau, W. N. MacPherson, X. Jiang, H. T. Bookey, J. S. Barton, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Thermal sensitivity of tellurite and germinate optical fibers," Opt.Express. 15, 8857-8863 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. I. Rabukhin, "Concentration dependences of elastooptic coefficients of germanate glasses containing lead and bismuth oxides," Glass and Ceramics. 37, 87-90 (1995). [CrossRef]
  24. A. K. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Optical Electronics. (Cambridge University Press), Chap.16, 1989, p503
  25. A. EL-Adawy and R. EL-Mallawany, "Elastic modulus of tellurite glasses," J. Mater. Sci. Lett.  15, 2065-2067 (1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited