OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 1 — Jan. 4, 2010
  • pp: 165–172

Direct near-field optical imaging of plasmonic resonances in metal nanoparticle pairs

Hsing-Ying Lin, Chen-Han Huang, Chih-Han Chang, Yun-Chiang Lan, and Hsiang-Chen Chui  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 165-172 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (514 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper we investigate the near-field optical behavior of plasmon coupling in gold nanoparticle pairs. In particular, by performing series measurements through a fiber-collection mode near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM), we directly observed the localized electromagnetic (EM) field distribution between two nanospheres is sensitively depended on the incident polarization and interparticle distance. The qualitative near-field observation and quantitative analysis facilitate more understanding of localized hot spots in surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), and nano-applications in selectively controlling the spatial distribution of localized surface plasmon (SP) modes on a fabricated nanostructure by adjusting the polarization direction.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(240.5420) Optics at surfaces : Polaritons
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(180.4243) Microscopy : Near-field microscopy
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures
(240.6695) Optics at surfaces : Surface-enhanced Raman scattering

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

Original Manuscript: October 21, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: December 2, 2009
Published: December 22, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Hsing-Ying Lin, Chen-Han Huang, Chih-Han Chang, Yun-Chiang Lan, and Hsiang-Chen Chui, "Direct near-field optical imaging of plasmonic resonances in metal nanoparticle pairs," Opt. Express 18, 165-172 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. U. Kreibig, B. Schmitz, and H. D. Breuer, “Separation of plasmon-polariton modes of small metal particles,” Phys. Rev. B 36(9), 5027–5030 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. Z. B. Wang, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, M. H. Hong, Y. Lin, and T. C. Chong, “Energy flow around a small particle investigated by classical Mie theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(3), 035418 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Bohren, and D. Huffiman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1982).
  4. C. H. Huang, H. Y. Lin, C. H. Lin, H. C. Chui, Y. C. Lan, and S. W. Chu, “The phase-response effect of size-dependent optical enhancement in a single nanoparticle,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9580–9586 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(1), 357–366 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 899–903 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, “Retardation-induced plasmon resonances in coupled nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 26(14), 1096–1098 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Xu, J. Aizpurua, M. Käll, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(33 Pt B), 4318–4324 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. B. Wang, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, W. Guo, S. P. Edwardson, D. J. Whitehead, L. Li, Z. Liu, and K. G. Watkins, “The influences of particle number on hot spots in strongly coupled metal nanoparticles chain,” J. Chem. Phys. 128(9), 094705 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. P. Van Duyne, J. C. Hulteen, and D. A. Treichel, “Atomic force microscopy and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. I. Ag island films and Ag film over polymer nanosphere surfaces supported on glass,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(3), 2101–2115 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Ultrasensitive chemical analysis by Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Rev. 99(10), 2957–2976 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Moskovits, “Surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 57(3), 783–826 (1985). [CrossRef]
  13. V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, “Adaptive silver films for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of biomolecules,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 36(6-7), 648–656 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantenas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(40), 8410–8426 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Sun and Y. Xia, “Shape-controlled synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles,” Science 298(5601), 2176–2179 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. L. Nehl, H. Liao, and J. H. Hafner, “Optical properties of star-shaped gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 683–688 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. I. Romero, J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García De Abajo, “Plasmons in nearly touching metallic nanoparticles: singular response in the limit of touching dimers,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9988–9999 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Tabor, R. Murali, M. Mahmoud, and M. A. El-Sayed, “On the use of plasmonic nanoparticle pairs as a plasmon ruler: the dependence of the near-field dipole plasmon coupling on nanoparticle size and shape,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(10), 1946–1953 (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. P. K. Jain, W. Huang, and M. A. El-Sayed, “On the universal scaling behavior of the distance decay of plasmon coupling in metal nanoparticle pairs: a plasmon ruler equation,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2080–2088 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. A. M. Michaels, J. Jiang, and L. Brus, “Ag nanocrystal junctions as the site for surface-enhanced Raman scattering of single Rhodamine 6G molecules,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(50), 11965–11971 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(6), 6281–6284 (1998). [CrossRef]
  24. H. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, “Spectroscopy of single hemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(21), 4357–4360 (1999). [CrossRef]
  25. H. Wang, C. S. Levin, and N. J. Halas, “Nanosphere arrays with controlled sub-10-nm gaps as surface-enhanced raman spectroscopy substrates,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(43), 14992–14993 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Z. Zhu, T. Zhu, and Z. Liu, “Raman scattering enhancement contributed from individual gold nanoparticles and interparticle coupling,” Nanotechnology 15(3), 357–364 (2004). [CrossRef]
  27. N. Nath and A. Chilkoti, “Label-free biosensing by surface plasmon resonance of nanoparticles on glass: optimization of nanoparticle size,” Anal. Chem. 76(18), 5370–5378 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, “Coherent control of femtosecond energy localization in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(6), 067402 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. F. Wolf, P. E. Hillner, R. Bilewicz, P. Kölsch, and J. P. Rabe, “Novel scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM)/ scanning confocal optical microscope based on normal force distance regulation and bent etched fiber tips,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(6), 2751–2757 (1999). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited